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THE GREATEST ENEMY 
IS WITHIN 

Sam Moffett 


The more obvious hindrances to the proclamation of the Gos- 
pel of Jesus Christ are not necessarily the most deadly. 
Perils of geography, difficulties of communication, opposi- 
tion of false religions, persecution by unfriendly 
governments — whl le all of these are pc**"- *.ll v obstructive, 
the greatest enemy Is within. Even in the heat of the 
Reformation, Luther had the honesty to say, "I am more 
afraid of my own self than of the Pope and all his car-^ 
dlnals . Because 1 have within me the great pope. Self." 

It Is easier, of course, and more self-satisfying to blame 
evangelistic set-backs on external enemies. But the more 
searching question Is how much of the blame for failure we 
must share ourselves. What are the hindrances within the 
Church? 

Some have been discussed elsewhere In the Congress: 
spiritual Indifference, sacerdotalism, heresy. But another 
may be even more dangerous because It Is so often unrecog- 
nized. This Is the sin of self-containment. It may be de- 
fined as a lack of meaningful contact with the non-Chr 1st lan 
world. It comes In many forms, but whether It Is caused by 
willful Indifference, or fear of contamination, or Ig- 
norance, or selfish pre-occupation with the Christian com- 
munity Itself, the result Is what contemporary theologians 
call "the Christian ghetto complex." 

Of all the Internal obstacles mentioned above this Is most 
nearly fatal, for It so closely partakes of the very essence 
of sin — that Is, a love of self that crowds out love of God 
and love of neighbor. Self-containment la sub— Christian, or 
perhaps more accurately, pre-Christian, for the Christian 
life begins with the new birth; the very Imagery of the lan- 
guage suggests a breaking— out from a self-containing womb 
into a world of awareness and contact and need. The pattern 
of the new life Is the self-emptying Christ (Phil. 2:3-8), 
not the self-satisfied Pharisee (Luke 18:9-11). At no point 
Is the Christian self-contained; he Is either Christ- 




sustained or dead. As for Christian mission and evangelism, 
self-containment and outreach are mutually exclusive. The 
church that is turned in upon itself has turned its back on 
the world to which it was sent by Jesus Christ. 

There is no need to labor the point further. Self- 
containment is a basic denial of all that is Christian. The 
problem is that few will admit to having this disease. It 
is always someone else’s problem, some other church’s crip- 
pling weakness. 

There is the classic example of a "Christian ghetto," the 
fate of Eastern Christianity under the Moslem conquerors, 
while often compassionately described as the inevitable 
result of persecution, this is not altogether true. It was 
in the final analysis, the deliberate choice of the Church.’ 
what finally produced the withered ghettos of the Nestorians 
and the Copts was not so much the sword of Islam as the law 
of Islam, which permitted conquered Christians to worship 
but forbade them to propagate the Christian faith. Faced 
with a choice between survival and witness, the Church chose 
survival. It turned in upon itself. It ceased to evange- 

1 8urvlved * but survived was no longer a whole 

Church. It was a sick. Ingrown community. 

In Czar.st Russia, Christian withdrawal was even less of an 
imposition from without than what the Eastern churches ex- 
perienced. The Russian church made its own ghetto, but in 
the mind, not the body. Isolating themselves from the agony 
of the people. Orthodox priests argued about the color of 
their vestments and about how many fingers should be exten- 
ded in the benediction, until the revolution broke In on 
them and brought them, too late, out of their never-never 
land of liturgy into the world as it really is. 

It would be comforting to think that such crippling self- 
containment is safely buried in the Church's past. The sad- 
dening truth is that no church in the world is quite free 
from the taint of the same poison. 

There is self-containment of race, for example, and self- 
containment of liturgy. Separatism is another form of self- 
containment. So also is its opposite, preoccupation with 
church union. There is also the 6elf-containment of the 
great, state churches, too Intent on national prestige, 
ceremonies and subsidies to notice that they no longer have 
worshipers. And there is the self-containment of the small, 
free churches, so busy protecting their freedom from the 
world that they have ceased to have any Influence In the 
world. There Is self-containment by creed, and self- 
containment by sacrament. There is the self-containment of 
old and tired churches who no longer want to send mis- 


slonaries; and the self-containment of younger, nationalist 
churches who no longer want to receive them. 


But no matter what form it takes nor how plausibly its forms 
may be Justified, self-containment is always and inevitably 
a hindrance to evangelism. 

Take, for example, racial self-containment. This is prob- 
ably the single most explosive issue In the world today. 

When racial discrimination penetrates the Church, it becomes 
more than a crime against humanity, it is an act of defiance 
against God himself (I John 4:20). In America, eleven 
o clock Sunday morning has been called the most segregated 
hour. I do not believe this is true, but that such a state- 
ment could be made at all is indictment enough. The fact 
that there is any racial discrimination in the Christian 
Church has already done irreparable damage to world evan- 
gelism. If present trends continue, future historians may 
some day single this out as the decisive that drove a 

whole continent, Africa, away from Christ and into the em- 
brace of Islam. 

Another form of this sin is self— containment by caste. 
Christians would like to pretend that this is limited to 
India and its Hinduism, but our own Western, Christian sub- 
urbs are riddled with it. It is more subtle in the West. 
When the Church of England in the nineteenth century could 
be described as the Conservative Party gathered for prayer, 
and when a recent study of American church unions can point 
out that they never really cross class lines but usually 
remain a high-caste denominational phenomenon (R. Lee, The 
Social Sources of Church Unity . 1960), it can hardly be 
claimed that Christians have bravely broken down the bar- 
riers of class. The Church's social structure has become so 
self-contained in America that some sociologists assert that 
it purposefully excludes the lowest classes of American 
society from its evangelistic efforts. "Church programs are 
not designed to appeal to them and ministers never visit 
them . . say Vidich and Bensman in Small Town in Mass 

S ociety (Quoted by P. Gerger, in The Noise of Solemn Ass emb- 
Hes, 1961). "The ministers and laymen . . . either do not 
see the unchurched or they have no desire to pollute the 
church membership with socially undesirable types." 

All unwittingly, Christians sometimes shut themselves behind 
a language barrier. Evangelical Jargon can be as unintel- 
ligible outside the inner circle as military alphabetese is 
outside the Pentagon. In a world where "redemption” means 
green stamps, and "sin" means sex, the very words with which 
we try to proclaim the Gospel sometimes only obscure it. It 
can be dangerous therefore to read nothing but evangelical 
literature. The man who lives in a one-vocabulary world too 


long loses the ability to talk meaningfully to anyone but 
his fellow-believers; this Is not evangelism. 

Another kind of self-containment Is separatism. It Is as 
old as the Syrian desert where Anchorites chained themselves 
to rocks or walled themselves up in caves. It is also 
alas, as new as the latest church split In Korea. As a 
search for purity, separatism may have a touch of justifica- 
tion, but Its fatal flaw Is self-containment. It faces in- 
ward, not outward. It leads to negativism and withdrawal 
and self-righteousness. It talks evangelism, but Its Chris- 
tian outreach has lost Its winsome appeal and has built into 
It a self-defeating pattern of schism and Isolation that 
aborts the evangelistic Invitation by the grimly exclusive 
attitude with which it Is extended. There is no such thing 
as evangelism by separation. Every Christian should belong 
actively to at least one non-Christian— that is, not 
specifically Christian — organization in his community. 
Moreover he should join not just to evangelize it, but to 

un&v.si.b..u It. 

This last point is important. We defined the sin of self- 
containment as lack of meaningful contact with the non- 
Christian world. Perhaps this should be qualified. It is 
possible to have contacts that are meaningful, but only to 
one side. That kind of outreach only soothes the conscience 
or feeds the ego, it does not really break through the self- 
containment barrier. The Christian who is willing to meet 
the world only on his own terms, who feels no need to under- 
stand any position but his own, is still in his "Christian 
ghetto, and living to himself. His so-called contact with 
the world is counterfeit and artificial. His approach to 
others is gingerly self-protective, and carefully encapsu- 
lated froa contamination. 

Its defensiveness precludes any real meeting of minds. It6 
self-interestedness prevents the meeting of hearts and 
breaks down the one indispensable approach for any evan- 
gelism worthy of the name Christian, that is, the way of 
love. 

There may be worse sins than self-containment, but few can 
more quickly blunt the growing edge of the Church of Jesus 
Christ. The Bible counts it as the accursed sin. This is 
no light condemnation. Its sign is the barren fig tree 
(Mark 11:12-14), heavy with leaves for its own self- 
beautification, but sterile and without fruit. When Jesus 
saw it, he cursed it. 


Reprinted from The Church in New Frontiers for 
Mission bu permission of MARC, Monrovia, CA.©1983. 


A 


i 


AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MISSIOLOGY 
Program Committee Meeting, September 24, 1983, at 10 a.m. 


Present: Moffett (Chair), Hogg (President), Motte, Stransky, Waldron, West. 

Dr. Hogg spoke briefly on the appropriate choice of Princeton as a meeting place, 
on guidelines for procedures derived from past experience, and on the need for 
close attention to budget control in the light of financial stringencies, sug- 
gesting therefore that the search for speakers be concentrated in the eastern 
United States. 

" Third-World Theologies and the Mission of the Church 11 was approved as the theme 
for the June 22-24, 1984 Annual Meeting. 

A tentative schedule for the Meeting was approved, as follows, with speakers as 
listed subject to acceptance. [Speakers marked with a star * have subsequently 
accepted. ] 

Friday, 22 June, 1984 

3:30 p.m. Registration 

End of APM meeting 

4:45 Guided tour of Princeton Campuses (optional) 

Dinner 

PLENARY SESSION - R. Hogg, presiding 

Greetings from Dr. Thomas Gillespie, President, Princeton 
Theological Seminary, introduced by S. Moffett 
Address: "Culture and Ideology in Third World Theologies," 
* Charles West, Princeton Theological Seminary 
Respondent: Samuel Escobar or Orlando Costas 
Discussion 

Saturday, 23 June, 1984 

Worship. Dr. Jong-Sung Rhee, President Emeritus, Presbyterian 
Theological Seminary of Korea 
PLENARY - Gerald Anderson, presiding 

Address: "West African Christian Theology: Engagement with 
Islam," Lamin Sanneh, Harvard 
Respondent: Don McCurry, Zwemer Institute on Islam, 
or T. K. Tienou 
Discussion 
Coffee Break 

PLENARY - Jim Scherer, presiding 

Address: "The Asian Approach to Christ," * Kosuke Koyama, 
Union Theological Seminary, New York 
Respondent: Michael Amladas, Jesuit, 
or Aloysius Pier is, Roman Catholic, 
or Carl Furuya, Princeton 
Luncheon 


8:30 a.m. 
8:45 

9:30 

10:00 

10:45 

11:30 

12:00 


1:30- 

3:00 

3:30- 

6:00 

7:30 


(Afternoon schedule on page 2) 


American Society of Missiology - September 24, 1983 - Page 2 


Saturday, 23 June, continued 


1:30 p.m. PLENARY - Business Meeting, R. Hogg presiding 

2:45 Papers submitted by members of ASM (in separate groups) 


4:00 

4:30 


5:30 

6:00 


Coffee break 

PLENARY - T. Stransky presiding 

Dialogue among and with Principal Speakers (*Koyama, 
Sanneh, *West) 

Break 

BANQUET - presiding 

Presidential Address, W. Richey Hogg 


Sunday, 24 June 
8:30 a.m. 


10:30 

10:45 


PLENARY - presiding 

Film on African Independent Churches, "Rise Up and Walk" 
Respondent: Norman Thomas 

or John Mutiso-Mbinda 

Break 

CONCLUDING SERVICE - Justice Anderson, conducting 
Preaching: Melinda Roper 


Scheduled Board meetings: 

ASM Board of Publications - 22 June, 1-3 p.m. 

ASM Board of Directors - 22 June 3:30 to 5:30 p.m., or 23 June, 1-3 p.m. 

On the assignment of various interim responsibilities, it was the consensus that: 


1. Moffett would contact Koyama, Sanneh (with West) and Rhee as speakers or 
worship leaders; check out room and meal expenses at Princeton; inquire about 
xerox facilities; explore use of Miller Chapel for Friday 8:30 (APM) , 

Saturday 8:30 and Sunday 10:45. He will send minutes to Program Committee 
members and to Wilbert Shenk, Janet Carroll, Ralph Coveil, Ken Goodpasture 
and Thomas Gillespie. 

2. W. R. Hogg will write letters to Melinda Roper (preaching), Norman Thomas 
(response to film). Justice Anderson (conducting Sunday service), Ralph Coveil 
(confirming choice of the theme), and will investigate availability of the 
film. 

3. M. Motte will try to determine the availability of John Mutiso-Mbinda as a 
respondent; and, with T. Stransky and W. Shenk, will seek avenues to encourage 
Catholic missionaries to attend the Meeting. 

4. W. Scott (and S. Moffett) will seek to encourage Protestant missionary par- 
ticipation [and if the schedule seems overbalanced in speakers from the 
conciliar spectrum, will suggest names of possible evangelical respondents 
and alternates] . 


Corrections and additions requested 


Respectfully submitted, 
Samuel H. Moffett 





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great diversity among the seminaries in 
the source of their funding, what they 
have in common is that all receive a por 
lion of their funds from General Assem- 
bly mission money. This means that all 
the seminaries cannot approach other 
governing bodies with fund campaigns. 

Stotts gave some interesting figures on 
student enrollment. The average racial/ 
ethnic enrollment in the seven seminaries 
is 11 percent. The average female enroll 
ment for the M.Div. is 36 percent; this is 
the third year in a row for this figure. 
The number of Presbyterian Church 
(U.S.A.) students in these former UPC 
seminaries ranges from 51 percent to 78 
percent, with an average of 66 percent. 

Hartley Hall presented the PCUS pic 
lure with a chart. Only the Presbyterian 
School of Christian Education is related 
directly to the General Assembly. Austin 
is related to the Synod of the Sun; Co 
lumbia to the Synods of Mid-South, 
Southeast and Florida; Louisville to the 
Synods of Mid-South, Mid America and 
South (and also to the General Assembly 
because it is a joint UPC-PCUS school); 
and Union to the Synods of North Caro 
lina and of the Virginias. (That's why it is 
called “union": because it is a union effort 
of these two synods.) 

In the case of Austin, Columbia and 
Iiouisville, the synods elect the trustees 
of the seminaries. In the case of Union, 
the synods nominate trustees, but the 
board elects; this is a requirement of the 
Commonwealth of Virginia. 

In the matter of faculty appointments, 
in each case this is done by the institu 
tion, not by any governing body, except 
in the case of Iaiuisville, where UPC pro 
cedures apply; and PSCE, which is under 
the General Assembly. Changes in Co 
lumbia’s constitution and by-laws must 
be approved by its synods. 

The synods fund the seminaries in this 
amount: Austin. 9 percent; Columbia. 
7.44 percent; Louisville, 7.8 percent; and 
Union. 4.8 percent. Only PSCE receives 
funding from the General Assembly; it 
was founded as the General Assembly s 
Training School. v 

Both Hall and Stotts emphasized that 
the theological institutions are looking to 
the special committee to come up with a 
method of funding-that will follow neither 
the UPC nor the PCUS pattern, but 
some new way of support from the de 
nomination. 

It is an open question how election of 
trustees and faculty will finally be done. 
But the "patchwork quilt" shows the dif- 
ferences that will have to be resolved 
while allowing diversity within the unity 
of the church in its task of theological 
education. 

The two groups met separately most of 
the time. They had other joint plenaries 


SEMINARY ENROLLMENT — 1983 

There is always interest in the enrollment of Presbyterian seminaries, but 
precise information is often hard to come by, because our seminaries are differ 
ent in many ways. For example, some offer a doctor of ministry degree in se- 
quence," that is, for students who want to take an extra year of work and 
choose to study for this degree in their regular program while for others, it is a 
degree granted only ufter the person has received the master's degree which, in 
most seminaries, is a M.Div. Other seminaries report in their statistics special 
programs and extension courses. San Francisco, for example, has a master ol 
arts in values program for laity done on extension campuses in which 22 persons 
are currently enrolled. "“N. 

Official statistics are reported to the General Assembly affnually. but Outlook 
wrote this fall to the seminary presidents for figures as c<T October 1983. Three 
sets of figures are interesting and give us some information abouLLho situation 
in seminary enrollment this year. 

A trend of recent years is confirmed by the figures for the M.Div. and the 
I). Min. (doctor of ministry) degrees. Our seminaries have almost as many 
persons working for the D.Min. as for the M.Div. According to our information, 
there are 1,862 candidates for the M.Div. and 1,870 for the D.Min.. but these 
figures are skewed by the fact that most students at Union Seminary in Vir 
ginia are presently working for the D.Min. rather than the M.Div. These stu 
dents do not decide until later in their program which degree they will pursue. 
But, for purposes of comparison, when we add these Union D.Min. students to 
the M.Div. figure, and omit them from the D.Min. figure, it comes out another 
way: 1,870 for the M.Div. and 1,665 for the D.Min. 

On this basis, our seminary total enrollments for the M.Div. are: 


M.Div. 
Princet on— 5 17 
Union (Va. 1—222 
Pittsburgh— 190 
San Francisco— 191 
IxMiisville— 160 
Columbia— 180 
McCormick— 178 
Dubuque— 119 
Austin— 80 
Johnson ('. Smith — 33 


D.Min. 

San Francisco— 638 
McCormick— 386 

|Union (Va.)— 197) 
Columbia— 164 
Pittsburgh— 154 
Prin ceton— 1 23 
Austin— 86 
Louisville— 59 
Dubuque— 52 
J.C. Smith— 2 


TOTAL* 

San Francisco 1 .077 
Princeton 872 
McCormick 605 
Pittsburgh —431 
Columbia 100 
Union ( Va. ' 262 
Louisville -250 
Dubuque 186 
Austin 170 
J.C. Smith 10 


• including special students and extension courses 

The Presbyterian School of Christian Education in Richmond, Va., must be 
considered separately. It has a total of 128 students. Twelve are working for an 
M.Div., 75 for a B.A., 29 for a B.S., four for A.B., four for B.Mus., two for 
B.Theo. and one each for a diploma in education and a master's in theology. The 
new Ph.D. program was not included in the figures furnished to us. 

Adding it all up, there are more than 4,000 students enrolled in our Prcsby 
terian theological institutions this year, and this does not count those who come 
back for non degree continuing education programs. 

We do not have the official figures for Presbyterians in non Presbyterian 
schools, although the Council of Theological Seminaries (former UPC) estimates 
that one third of the Presbyterians studying for the ministry are in non 
Presbyterian schools. For what it is worth, according to our own information, 
there arc about 170 Presbyterian students at Fuller enrolled for the M.Div. and 
around 113 at Gordon Conwell. 

It should also be noted that in the above figures, all students are not Presby 
terians. The Council of Theological Seminaries says that one third ol the M.Div. 
candidates in the seven seminaries of the former UPC are not Presbyterians. 


on Thursday and Friday. Thursday after- 
noon. Rich Killmer spoke on the Peace- 
making Program. 

Thursday evening, John M. Mulder, 
president of Louisville Presbyterian 
Theological Seminary, gave a brilliant 
hour and a quarter address on "The His- 


tory of Theological Education in Ameri 
ca." 

He noted the well known fact that col- 
leges were established in the colonies to 
train ministers (among other purposes), 
but that the course of study was classical 
and prospective ministers supplemented 

I NK l*RK.Sin TEK I AN Ol TI.OOK 


September 23, 1983 


DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY 

Ph.D. Residence and Dissertation Committee Assignments 


Faculty Member 

Chair, Residence 
Committee 

Member, Residence 
Committee 

Chair, Dissertation 
Committee 

Member, Dissertatioi 
Committee 

Froehlich 

Ash j ian , Merr il 1 , 
Yohannes 

Ford-Grabovsky , 
Kutcher , Shoberg 

Heffner, Petersen, 
David Johnson 

Badr , Henke 

Moffett 

Parker 

Mark 



Winter 

Andoh, Burnett 
Sindima, Stevens 


Amjad-Ali, Grubb, 
Kim, Ruiz, Viviers 

Bryant, Mathevson, 
Schultz, Wo.itczak 

McVey 

Kutcher 

Boyd , Ash j ian , 
Merrill , Yohannes 


Badr, David Johnson 

Ryerson 

Mark 

Parker , Ravinder 


Mathewson 


Minutes 



Eastern Fellowship APM/ASM Meeting 


Stony Point Center 


Stony Point, N.Y. 


November 4-5, 1983 


Friday, November 4 

The annual meeting of the Eastern Fellowship of the Association 
of Professors of Missions and the Eastern Section of the American 
Society of Missiology was opened with prayer by President G. 

Linwood Barney. Introductions followed along with a sharing of 
information regarding conferences and other events attended by the 
members . 

Jim Palm welcomed the group to Stony Point Center and told some- 
thing of the history and programs of the Center. Jim also announced 
that he would have to resign his position as Secretary/Treasurer of 
the Fellowship. 

A nominating committee composed of Sr. Mary Lou Martin, Dr. Charles 
Forman and Rev. James Palm was appointed by the President. 

The meeting recessed for dinner at 6:00 PM. 

The evening session began at 7:00 PM under the leadership of 
Dr. Jane Vella of the Jubilee Associates, Raleigh, North Carolina. 

The session was devoted to a workshop on developing an Internship 
program for urban mission. It was a highly participatory learning 
e xper ience . 

Evening Prayers were lead by Lyn Kirkconnell, Vice President of 
the Fellowship. 

The meeting was recessed at 9t45 for a fellowship hour with re- 
freshment provided by the Stony Point Center. 

Saturday, November 5 

The morning session began at 9:00 with an address by Dr. Harvie 
Conn dealing with a Theo lo gic a 1 /Hi s to r ic a 1 perspective on Urban- 


Following a refreshment break. Dr. Roger Greenway spoke on a 
"Wholistic Approach to Urban Ministry." This was followed by a 
lively discussion on different approaches to social/political 
issues as well as different understandings of evangelism. 

Following a short recess, the group reconvened for the Business 
Session at 11:15. 

The minutes of the November 5-6, 1982 meeting were read and 

approved . 

The Financial Report was received. 


iza t ion . 





- 2 - 


The 



also reported that the mailing and 


membership lists had been updated. There were approximately 260 
persons on the mailing list. Of this number, less than half have 
responded in any way since 1980 - by either participating in a 
meeting or by sending in their dues. This latter group was placed 


on the "Active" list only 40^-50 persons pay their dues in any one 
year. This provides an annual income of less than $150.00. There 
fore it was recommended that: 

1) We make a greater effort to enlist more 
members and 

2) We seek to reactivate present membership 

It was further moved, seconded and approved that the annual dues 
be increased to $5.00, effective 1984-85. 

Report of Nominations Committee 

The following officers for 1983-84 were nominated and elected 


Suggested Site: Somewhere in the Washington/Baltimore area 

Suggested Theme: 

Enculturation/Dialogue/Liberation/Evangelism 
Analysis of Movements to Reach Unreached Peoples 
Church/State Relations: Effects on Mission 

Wholistic Approach' to Transcultural Mission 

Preferred vs. Possible Factors for Cross Cultural Mission 
Discussion of a New Book - or "Book in Process" 


Other Business 

Discussion of format, length of time, etc. It was decided 
to leave "as is" for the time being. 

The meeting was adjourned by Prayer at 12:15. Dr. Sam Moffett 
led the group in prayer. 


on an "Active" list by the a 

them that the notice of this meeting was mailed. 



and it was only to 


The 



also reported that of the 100 persons 


President 
Vice President 



Lyn Kirkconnell 
Samuel Moffett 
James Phillips 


The following nominations for membership were approved 


Sr. Marisa Lichauco MM 

Dr. & Mrs Roger Greenway 

James Bollback 

Martin Webber 

Marilyn Webber 

Ted Cline 

John Webster 


Mar ykno 1 1 

Westminister Theological Seminary 


Ny a ck 
Nyack 
Nyack 
Nyack 


Stony Point Center 


Suggested date for next meeting 

November 2-3, 1984 


written by one of our members. 


James E. Palm 
Secretary-Treasurer 
November 5, 1983 



lQ*-l (?}) 


PRINCETON THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY 


CN821 

PRINCETON. NEW JERSEY 06940 
(6091 921 8300. Ext. 203 


OFFICE OF 

THE ACADEMIC DEAN 


CHARLES C. WEST. Ph D 
Dean and Professor 
of Christian Ethics 


MEMORANDUM 


TO 


Department Chairs 


FROM 


Charles C. West 


DATE : September 28, 1983 


SUBJECT: Department Meetings October 5 


For your convenience in planning, I enclose two documents 


(1) a list of Ph.D. residence and dissertation committee assignments 
by faculty members, and (2) a list of D.Min. thesis advisement assign- 
ments by faculty members. I would appreciate it if you would check 
these with your department, add the new assignments you make, and 
return the corrected copy to this office. I would also appreciate 
it if you would find out from members of the department and let me 
know: 

(a) What tutorials or reading courses they have this semester 
and how many students, if more than one, in each. 

(b) What M.Div. and Th.M. thesis advisements they have 
accepted and whether they are one or two course theses. 

The object of this is to have some idea in this office of 
the work load which various members of the faculty are carrying. 


Many thanks 



C.C.W 


CCW : em 
ends . 




C<( </. 



Princeton Theological Seminary 
STANDING COMMITTEES OF THE FACULTY - 1983-84 


Secretary of the General Faculty: Mr. Brower 

Secretary of the Senior Faculty: Mr. J. F. Armstrong 

Dean of the Seminary: Mr. Massa 

Academic Dean: Mr. West 

Faculty Marshals: Mr. Beeners, Mr. Willis 

Director of Admissions: Mr. Keefer 

Registrar: Mr. J. F. Armstrong 

Director of Professional Studies: Mrs. Rudiselle 

Director of Continuing Education: Mr. Cooper 

Acting Director of Summer Session: Ms. Gardner 

Director of Biblical Language Program: Mr. Story 


DEPARTMENT CHAIRPERSONS 

Biblical: Mr. Meyer 

Historical: Mr. Moffett 

Theological: Mr. Willis 

Practical: Mr. R. S. Armstrong 


1. COMMITTEE ON ADMISSIONS 
Admission of candidates for M.Div., 
M.A., Th.M., and D.Min. degrees, 
and special students 

Massa, Chairperson 
J. F. Armstrong 
Crawford 
Gardner 

Getty, ex officio 

Keefer, ex officio 

Lee 

Loder 

Long 

2. COMMITTEE ON CURRICULUM 
Review of programs of study for the 
M.Div., M.A., Th.M., and D.Min. 
degrees 

Gillespie, Chairperson 
West, Vice Chairperson 
Armstrong, J. F., Secretary 
Armstrong, R. S. 

Gardner 

Massa 

Meyer 

Moffett 


3. COMMITTEE ON Ph.D. STUDIES 
Admission of candidates and review 
of program study for the Ph.D. 
degree 

Metzger, Chairperson 

West, Academic Dean 

Capps 

Dowey 

Froehlich 

Hanson 

Moffett 

Roberts 

Winter 


4. COMMITTEE ON PROFESSIONAL STUDIES 
Counseling (academic and personal) 
of students enrolled for the M.Div., 

M.A., Th.M., and D.Min. degrees 
Beeners, Chairperson 
Davis 
de Boer 
Edwards 
Lee 

Rudiselle 
Story 
Taylor 


Willis 

Winter 





- 2 - 


5. CHAPEL COMMITTEE 

Long, Chairperson 

Jacks 

Jenkins 

McVey 

Metzger 

Sanders, Secretary 
Weadon, ex officio 

6. COMMITTEE ON INSTITUTE 
OF THEOLOGY 

Massa, Chairperson 

Cooper, Director 

Allen 

Brown 

McVey 

Ryerson 

Sakenfeld 

White 

Whitelock 

7. COMMITTEE ON LIBRARY 

Froehlich, Chairperson 

Beker 

Jenkins 

Loder 

Sakenfeld 

Taylor 

Willard, ex officio 

OTHER COMMITTEES AND 


1. FACULTY SEMINAR COMMITTEE 

McVey, Class of 1984 
Willard, Class of 1985 
Willis, Class of 1986 
West, ex officio 

2. PLANNING COMMITTEE OF THE 
SENIOR FACULTY 

Allen, Class of 1984 

R. S. Armstrong, Class of 1985 

Migliore, Class of 1986 

3. ACADEMIC REVIEW COMMITTEE 

J. F. Armstrong, Chairperson 

Loder 

McVey 

West, ex officio 
Students (to be appointed) 


8. COMMITTEE ON PREACHERS AND 
LECTURERS 

Allen, Chairperson 

Beeners 

Edwards 

Lapsley 

Livezey 

Migliore 

Ryerson 

9. D.MIN. ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE 

Beker, Chairperson 

J. R. Nichols, Secretary 

Brown 

Roberts 

Ryerson 

Waanders 

West 

10. COMMITTEE ON THEOLOGICAL BOOK 
AGENCY 

Willard, Chairperson 

Adams 

Brower 

Capps 

de Boer 

Lawder 


REPRESENTATIVES 


4. COMMITTEE ON BLACK CONCERNS 

Hanson, Chairperson 

Willis 

Edwards 

Capps 

West, ex officio 
Students (to be appointed) 

5. COMMITTEE ON WOMEN AND MINISTRY 

Sakenfeld, Chairperson 

Livezey 

Gardner 

Edwards 

Adams 

Massa 

Students (to be appointed) 


The President of the Seminary is a member ex officio of all committees of the Faculty. 



l 

MEMO 

Office of the Academic Dean 

TO : Departmental Chairs 

FROM : James N. Laps ley 

DATE : November 11, 1985 

SUBJECT: Lecturers in the Black Studies Program 



Please bring to the attention of your department our continuing need for 
nominations for lecturers in the Black Studies program. 

Although we have recently augmented our full-time faculty with two additional 
black members, we have a continuing commitment to the Black Studies Lecturers 
program. It may be that in the future this program will become more selective 
and not require a lecturer each semester. Therefore, do not hesitate to 
nominate persons from any part of the United States who you think have out- 
standing qualifications. 

Please transmit your nominations to me and I will convey them to the Committee 
on Black Concerns. 


JNL:em 



'N l&bl-iSbl -^3 9 



19 September 1985 


Dr. Moffett, 

Greetings! I am sending a copy of 
my dissertation proposal to you in an- 
ticipation of the year's first meeting 
of the Doctoral Studies Committee. It 
should be included on your October 
agenda. My thought was that you — as 
the representative of the History De- 
partment — might like to look at it in 
greater depth beforehand, both for your 
benefit and mine. Perhaps this way I 
could clarify any obscurities which may 
still be present and thus expedite the 
committee's discussion. 

I appreciate in anticipation your 
consideration of my request. If you 
have any specific questions or con- 
cerns, I would be most happy to speak 
with you in the coming week(s). I will 
contact you before the October meeting, 
in any event. 

Best wishes for the commencement 
of the new academic year! 





MEMO 


Office of the Academic Dean 


TO : Dr. Samuel H. Moffett 

FROM : James N. Laps ley 

DATE : April 2, 1985 

SUBJECT: Teaching Fellowship Applicants 


The following Ph.D. candidates have applied for teaching fellowships for next 
year in your department : 

Name 

f. Mark S. Burrows 
£ Brian J. Kutcher 
i John H. C. Niederhaus 
3 Christopher Ocker 
y Scott Sunquist 
JEfiong S. Utuk 

| Q/,' k> bvj 

Kutcher has stated that he would be interested in doing something other 
than CHOI since he has done that both semesters in which he served. Sunquist 
and Utuk are both in Ecumenics, but express interest in being considered for 
Church History. 

Please let this office know how you have ranked these candidates. 


Previous Service as Teaching Fellow 


1984/85 academic year ^ 

one semester 1983/84, o*re semester 1984/85 ) 

none 

none 

none 

none 


JNL : em 





6 May 1985 


Mark S. Burrows 
7 Evelyn Place 
Princeton, NJ 08540 

Dr. Moffett 

Chairman, Department of History 
Princeton Theological Seminary 
Princeton, NJ 08540 


Dear Dr. Moffett, 

I am writing to you, following our conversation this afternoon, 
to request the opportunity to work with Dr. Dowey as a preceptor for 
his Luther course, offered during the fall semester of the upcoming 
academic year. This course traditionally requires a preceptor's 
assistance, and he has already indicated that he would be happy to 
have me work with him on this course. I have also spoken with Dr. 
Lapsley about this matter; he suggested that I also check with you 
because of your role as department chairman. 

During the current year, I have served as a Teaching Fellow for 
CHOI and CH02. I am placing this request at this juncture because I 
know that the teaching fellowships will be assigned sometime during 
the coming weeks. I understand that the slots for the introductory 
course are always a priority for the department to fill, and I know 
that the task this year will be particularly difficult due to the 
absence of several "veterans" of the course. At the same time, I am 
very interested from a professional point of view in precepting in 
an upper level seminar such as this one. And, from the vantage 
point of my strengths and interests, this course is of particular 
interest to me. Thank you for your consideration of my request. 


Sincerely, 

Mark S. Burrows 

L tulv 





MINUTES OF THE HISTORY DEPARTMENT 
Jan. 4, 1984, Stevenson Lounge, 1:30 p.m. 


Present: Froehlich, McVey, Moffett, Nichols 

A short meeting of the Department was held on Jan. 4. The date of 
Prof. Gabler's visit and lecture was confirmed for Apr. 24. His 
visit comnemmo rates the 500th anniversary of the birth of Zwingli. 

Prof. Froehlich was named as the Department's contact for correspondence. 

Arrangements for preceptorial s for CH 02 were reported and approved. 

Information for the car-pooling survey was collected. 

Prof. Froehlich reported for the Search Committee. 



approved as follows: Jan. 11 Hist, of Mi 
Movement; Jan. 25 Hist, of Social Ethics; 
and Feb. 3 Hist, of Religions (Hinduism). 


Respectfully submitted, 





MINUTES of the HISTORY DEPARTMENT 
October 3, 1984 at 1:30 p.m. 


Present: Professors Froehlich, McVey, Moffett, Moorhead, White. 

The meeting was opened with prayer by Mr. Moffett, Chairperson. 

The minutes of the previous meeting were approved. 

Ms. McVey was appointed as secretary, but it was promised that Mr. Ryerson, currently 
on leave, would be permitted to resume this coveted duty upon his return. 

Mr. Moffett reported on current Teaching Assistants for the Department: 

Full year (CHOI and CH02): M. Burrows, A. Garcia, G. Hunsberger 

Half year: B. Kutcher (CHOI), D. Strong (CH02) , T. Cross (CH20) , 

Lester Ruiz (EC20/ET10) 


Residence committees were appointed for new doctoral students: 


J. Niederhaus: 
C. Ocker: 

S. Sunquist: 

E. Utuk: 


K. McVey, chair; K. Froehlich, J. Moorhead 
K. Froehlich, Chair; K. McVey, E. Dowey ' 
S. Moffett, Chair; C. Ryerson, J. Moorhead 
S. Moffett, Chair; C. Ryerson, R. White 


Mr. Moffett announced that CHxx, "Piety and Politics," would be offered by Mr. White 
in spring 1985. The course had been previously approved by the Department, which 
agreed to Mr. White's possible wish to limit enrollment to 25. 


Mr. Froehlich reported on the progress of the Search Committee for the appointment 
in Modern European Church History. In the likely event that the Committee will seek 
an appointment at the junior level, the History Department will be invited to parti- 
cipate fully in the Committee's deliberations. 

Mr. Moorhead solicited the help of other Department members for planning CH02. As 
the primary lecturer and organizer of the course, Mr. Moorhead will prepare a tenta- 
tive syllabus. At our next meeting he will invite the Department's suggestions for 
guest lecturers from within the Seminary as well as outside. 

The following comprehensive schedules were approved by the Department: 

Douglas Strong Two already taken 

November 2, 9, 16, written exams 
Week of November 26, orals 

George Hunsberger January 16, 23, first two 
May 1985, three more 

The Department recognized that Mr. Hunsberger 's exam schedule is earlier than 
usual, but saw no problem in this. 

The Department approved Dan England's request for a one-year leave of absence from 
September 1984 to September 1985. This will delay his comprehensives to May 1986. 

Mr. Froehlich announced that the dissertations of both Rodney Petersen and David 
Johnson are progressing and may be finished this year. 

Mr. Moffett announced that Gary Parker is the recipient of a Methodist fellowship. 



Minutes of the History Department - October 3, 1984 


2 


The Department endorsed Mr. Froehlich's suggestion that Professor Jane Dempsey Douglass 
be invited to teach a doctoral seminar in the Medieval period in fall 1985. 

Mr. White and Mr. Froehlich asked History Department members to bring to students' 
attention the Barmen Conference, especially Monday, October 22, with activities con- 
tinuing throughout that week. Lectures by Arthur Cochrane and Edward Dowey and 
chapel service led by Mr. and Mrs. Froehlich will consider the Reformed understanding 
of the church's impact in contemporary issues. 

Department members were asked to bring to the next meeting further suggestions for the 
Roman Catholic and Black Studies lectureships for 1985-86. 

Mr. Moffett announced that travel reimbursement requests (for one professional meeting 
per year) should be made to the Academic Dean's office. Leaves-of-absence are also to 
be requested in writing before November 1 from the Academic Dean. 

History Colloquium: Ms. McVey reported on last year's Colloquium. A Colloquium sub- 
committee for this year was appointed: J. Moorhead, Chair; K. McVey, and a student 

(to be named). Monday, October 15, at 8:00 p.m. at the home of S. Moffett will be 
the first gathering — purely social. Later meetings will be Friday evenings. 

Department members were reminded of the presence of two distinguished Visiting Lec- 
turers this semester: 

Donald Swearer, Swarthmore College, teaching HR41, Buddhism and Comparative 
Religious Ethics 

M.M. Thomas, India, teaching EC20/ET10, The Gospel in a Pluralistic World, and 
EC45/ET55, The Ecumenical Movement 

Mr. Moffett reported on the success of the annual Lectures on Missions, given earlier 
this week by Dr. Edward Hulmes of the University of Durham. 

Mr. Moffett announced that A. L. Basham will give three lectures on Hinduism and cul- 
ture, November 27, 28, and 29. The lectures are sponsored jointly by the Seminary and 
the University. 

The schedule of department meetings for the year was announced: November 7, December 5, 

February 6, March 6, April 3, May 1. All are at 1:30 p.m. in Stevenson Lounge. 

Department members expressed their alarm at the imminent departure of the Faculty 
Secretary, the omnicompetent Elizabeth Meirs, and we wondered aloud whether one or 
several replacements are being considered. All agreed that the preferred solution 
to the serious problem of secretarial services for the faculty would be departmental 
secretaries. For the History Department itself, a secretary located at 21 Dickinson 
Street was agreed to be the best solution. 

Department members renewed their resolves to institute a Department bulletin board at 
21 Dickinson, and to acquire a more adequate collection of wall maps for classroom use. 
Each member was asked to bring specific map suggestions to the next meeting. 

The meeting was adjourned at 3:10 p.m. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Kathleen McVey, Secretary 

KMcV ewm 


MINUTES of the HISTORY DEPARTMENT 
Oct. 5, 1983, Stevenson Lounge, 1:30 p.m. 


Present: Froqjich, McVey, Moffett, Nichols, Ryerson; with Pres. Gillespie. 

President Gillespie was welcomed and spoke briefly on the importance of the 
impending visit of Prof. Jane Dempsey Douglass on Oct. 17 and 18, and of its 
relationship to his own vision of a strengthened department with five major 
chairs in history; on the status of the current searches for new appointments, 
reiterating the seminary's commitment to appointments of minorities and women 
to faculty posts; agreeing that the two search committees in history should 
be reorganized into one. 

No requests were made for Sabbaticals. 

It was reported and approved that Mr. Nichols has agreed to offer a PhD seminar 
in the spring in Modern European Church History, focussed on Vatican I and II, 
and will chair doctoral committees for England, Havens, Mathewson, Reif snyder 
and Strong. 

A communication from Horton Davies, chairman of the Department of Religion at 
the University tells of a doctoral seminary he will lead in the soring on 
Modern European Theology (esp. Schleiermacher , F. D. Maurice, Ritschl and 
Bart, which is open as an option for seminary doctoral students. 

The nomination of the senior thesis of Kathryn Nichols by Mr. Willis for a 
prize was approved. Its subject is Reformed Use of Patristic Literature. 

Mr. Froehlich's plan for a reading course on Pelagianism for doctoral 
students was approved. 

Further discussion on the following items was deferred to an informal meeting 
of the department called for Oct. 12 at the Faculty Luncheon, and for 
action at the next meeting of the department on Nov. 2: 

Completion of committees for PhD candidates 
Plans for the visit of Professor Douglass 
Organization of the Colloquium 

Invitation to Prof. Rabiteau of the University for a formal presentation. 


Samuel Hugh Moffett 



MINUTES of the HISTORY DEPARTMENT 
November 2, 1983 



Present: K. Froehlich, K. McVey. S. Moffett (Chair), J. H. Nichols, C. Ryerson. 

The meeting was called to order with prayer by Dr. Moffett. 

Over his strong protests, Dr. Ryerson was named Secretary for the year. 

Unanimously, it was voted to inform Dean West that the Department was eager to have 
Dr. M. M. Thomas invited to teach courses in Ecumenics in the Fall semester, 1984. 

Committees for the following Ph.D. candidates in History were approved: 

Mark Burrows, Residence Committee 
Froehlich, Chair; Dowey, McVey 

Aurelio Garcia, Residence Committee 
Dowey, Chair; Froehlich, McVey 

Mary Havens, Dissertation Committee 
Nichols, Chair; Froehlich, Dowey 

Douglas Strong, Dissertation Committee 

Nichols, Chair; White, Raboteau (provisional) 

George Hunsberger, Residence Committee 

Moffett, Chair; Ryerson, Raboteau (provisional) 

The following recommendations for lecturers in the Roman Catholic program were 
suggested: Dr. Sydney Griffith, Dr. Joseph Gower, Dr. J. Fitzer. 

No action was taken on Departmental vacancies. 

It was decided to have three Departmental Colloquia during the year. The first will 
be held on December 5 and will probably feature Dr. Moffett as speaker. The next 
two will be held in February and April. Dr. McVey and Mary Havens now serve as the 
Colloquium Committee, and it was decided to ask Douglas Strong if he would agree to 
be added to the Committee. Several names— including Drs. Peter Brown, John Olin and 
Ron White — were suggested for future Colloquia. 

The Department agreed to postpone the time limit for Douglas Strong's comprehensives 
from May to September, 1984. 

It was decided that the Chair should contact President Gillespie concerning an invi- 
tation to be offered to Dr. A1 Raboteau of Princeton University to give a public 
lecture under the auspices of the History Department. The lecture would be given 
at Dr. Raboteau' s convenience. 

The Department faculty looked forward to welcoming the student representatives, Ms. 
Beverly Bartlett and Ms. Martha Bowman, at the next meeting. 


Respectfully submitted, 
Charles A. Ryerson, Secretary 



if /V hl'tUeJ 6tM*n fethy/' I GUeff' C'.M.Ul'ife. 
%°) / Iff* 

ll&J T*M* 

fa k/ *lh(h»i 

u*Y IWv^ ,/u f. 

f/Wl 4ft M W)> 

frwj kiaLlf^r ^DINNER 

— — — 

^ Smoked Mackerel Fillets 

Lemon-Brown Bread & Butter 



Roast Stuffed Loin of Lamb 
Boulang&re Potatoes 
Petits Pois a la Francaise 


Gateau Basque 


Chicken Liver & Bacon on Toast 


High Table Wines 
Ch. de Barbe 1978 

Ch. de Calvimont 
1975 


Combination Room Wines 
Ch. Rieussec 
Croft 1955 
Malaga Solero 1885 


Monday 29th August. 1983 


? 


zni 



COURSE EVALUATION FOR FROFESSOR'S USE 
Princeton Theological Seminary 


Course Number 

Course Title 

Professor or Instructor 




I. My opinion of the course in general is that it is: 


Q Excellent 

2 ) Good 

3) Fair 
U ) Poor 

!)) Unacceptable 


II* The especially strong points that .should be retained if this course is taught again are: 


HI* The especially weak points that should be modified or dropped if this course is taught 
again are: 


IV. I found the following texts very helpful to the course: 

/Ut. "Oie $eJ@u.t/i.e.0 £ S uCjCjCS 

V. I found the following texts not helpful to the course: 





St 

VI. Was the structure of the course (i.e. outline, teaching method, etc.) well suited 
for the content of the course? If nbt please comment as to why. 


VII. Any additional comments which would be of help to the Frofessor in future planning: 

Opposed -k> a hy cMhciual /Sa? . ) 


fib! 



PRINCETON 


THEOLOGICAL 
SEMINARY 



r 

1983 

SUMMER SCHOOL 


PRINCETON THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY 
CN821 

Princeton, New Jersey 08540 



Summer School Staff 


Dr. D. Campbell Wyckoff, Director 
Mr. David H. Wall, Assistant Director 
Mrs Kay Vogen, Assistant to the Director 

Summer School Office 
(609) 921 -8252 


The Princeton Seminary Catalogue 
(USPS 372-490) 

Vol. VI, No. 3 January 1983 

(The Summer School Brochure is one of three 
supplements, published fall, winter and spring, 
to the Princeton Seminary Catalogue published 
each year by Princeton Theological Seminary, 
CN821, Princeton, NJ 08540.) 


Second Class postage paid at 
Princeton, New Jersey 08540 



o) m 





1983 Summer School 

June 6 - August 5 


The Princeton Theological Seminary Summer 
School is designed to make graduate theological 
education available to people unable to attend the 
Seminary during the regular school year, to provide 
opportunities for additional work to regular Seminary 
students, to enrich the Seminary's continuing 
education program, to provide a context in which 
intensive experimental work in theological education 
may be undertaken, and to incorporate such elements 
of summer work as the Language School 

The courses, which are at the level of the regular 
academic programs, are intended for degree 
candidates and unclassified students. Each course 
carries credit for three semester hours 

The Summer School, nine weeks in duration, begins 
June 6, 1983, and extends through August 5, 1983. 
Programs are offered in the following areas: 

Biblical Studies 

Professor Cullen I K Story. Adviser 
History 

Professor James H. Nichols. Adviser 
Theology-Ethics 

Professor Daniel L Migliore, Adviser 


Homiletics 

Professor Donald Macleod, Adviser 
Christian Education 

Professor D Campbell Wyckoff, Adviser 
Church Administration - Innovative 
Practice in Ministry 

Professor Richard S, Armstrong, Adviser 
Pastoral Theology 




Course Offerings 

June 6 - 24 

S1 14 ISAIAH. Prof J.J M Roberts 

S260 MINISTRY AND RELIGIOUS SPIRITUALITY. 

Prof Donald K Swearer 

S570 THREE PROCESS THEOLOGIANS: COBB. 

GRIFFIN. AND OGDEN. Prof. Daniel L Migliore 

S816 THE PREACHER, THE FAITH. AND MODERN 
FICTION. Prof Horton Davies. 

S736 FAITH AND HUMAN DEVELOPMENT 

Prof James E Loder, Jr 

5670 THE PASTORAL CARE OF FAMILIES. 

Prof. Herbert Anderson 

June 27 - July 15 

S157 THEMES AND ISSUES IN PAUL’S LETTER TO 
THE ROMANS. Prof. Paul W Meyer 

S270 DISCIPLING: FOR MISSION AND FOR 
CHURCH. Prof Samuel H Moffett and 
Eileen F Moffett. 

S556 CHRISTOLOGY AND SPIRITUALITY 

Prof Monika Hellwig 

S825 BIBLICAL PREACHING 
Prof Kathleen Cannon, O P 

S682 EVANGELIZATION AND CHURCH GROWTH 
IN THE NORTH AMERICAN CONTEXT 

Prof John R Hendrick. 

5671 THE PASTORAL CARE OF WOMEN 

Prof. Emma J Justes. 

July 18 - August 5 

SI 70 LIFE AND LITERATURE OF THE EARLY 
CHURCH. Prof. Bruce M Metzger. 

S541 THE SYSTEMATIC THEOLOGY OF PAUL 
TILLICH. Prof Sang Lee 

S728 THEORY AND PRACTICE OF EFFECTIVE 
TEACHING IN THE CHURCH. 

Locke E Bowman, Jr, 



Intensive Courses 

July 18 - 29 

S745 CHRISTIAN MINISTRY AND THERAPEUTIC 
LEARNING. Dr Timothy 0. McCartney 

S276 EXPLORATIONS IN THEOLOGY AND 
CULTURE. Dr Colin B Archer 

(The following courses require additonal class 
hours and/or are followed by a period of 
independent study.) 

18 - 26 

LAB I - ENCOUNTERING THE INACTIVE 
CHURCH MEMBER THROUGH PERSONAL 
VISITATION Dr John S. Savage and Mrs Joyce 
Nelson 

July 28 - August 5 

S662 LAB II - DEVELOPMENT OF TRAINERS FOR 
LAB I ON VISITATION SKILLS. (Prerequisite 
Lab I) Dr John S Savage and Mrs Joyce Nelson. 

July 18 - 29 

S652 COUNSELING-LEARNING, LEVEL I 

Dr Jennybelle Rardin and Dr. Daniel Tranel 

August 1-5 

(Followed by period of independent study.) 

S657 COUNSELING-LEARNING, LEVEL II 

Dr Jennybelle Rardin and Dr. Daniel Tranel 

S255 ECONOMICS: THEORY, REALITIES AND 
CHRISTIAN PERSPECTIVE. Dr Walter L 
Owensby and Prof Donald P Cole 

S520 FIVE APOLOGISTS FOR CHRISTIANITY 
PASCAL, NEWMAN, KIERKEGAARD, 
FARRER, WEIL, Prof Diogenes Allen. 


July 

S661 


A student may elect one course during each three-week 
session, except that during the July 18 - August 5 period, two 
consecutive courses may be taken instead of one three-week 
course Course selection is sublet in the case of degree 
candidates to approval by the adviser in the field A Th.M 
degree program comprises eight courses governed by the 
regulations set forth in the 1982-83 Princeton Theological 
Seminary Catalogue, pages 42-44 Arrangements may be 
made for an M A. program, including the post-M.Div. M A 

Credit for courses in Pastoral Theology may be used in 
connection with Seminary degrees, except that a Th M 
degree in Pastoral Theology will not be awarded if more than 
half the courses required are taken in the summer session. 


Summer Language Program in BIBLICAL HEBREW 
and NEW TESTAMENT GREEK, June 6 - July 29 
(Credit. 2 courses) For information contact Professor 
Cullen I K Story, Director 



Course Descriptions 
and Faculty 


BIBLICAL STUDIES 

Si 14 ISAIAH Prof J J. M. Roberts. June 6-24 An exegetical 
study of the book of Isaiah. Particular attention to the book's 
use and transformation of older theological tradition in its 
prophetic portrayal. 

J.J M Roberts is William Henry Green Professor of Old 
Testament Literature at Princeton Theological Seminary. 
Previously he taught at Dartmouth College, Johns Hopkins 
University, and University of Toronto He is author of numerous 
articles, and. among others, is co-author of The Hand ol the 
Lord A Reappraisal ol the ", Ark Narrative " of 1 Samuel. 

S157 THEMES AND ISSUES IN PAUL'S LETTER TO THE 
ROMANS. Prof Paul W Meyer June 27-July 15 A study of 
the literary structure of Romans and of selected themes in its 
argument. The relationship between these two aspects of the 
letter are examined for clues to its original setting and 
purpose and for guidance in its interpretation and use in 
contemporary theology and preaching 

Paul W Meyer is Helen H P Manson Professor of New 
Testament Literature and Exegesis at Princeton Theological 
Seminary He has taught New Testament at Yale University 
Divinity School. Colgate-Rochester Divinity School, and 
Vanderbilt University Divinity School In 1976 he delivered the 
Shaffer Lectures at Yale University Divinity School on the 
subject "The Justification of Jesus " He is also author of 
numerous articles and book reviews 

Si 70 LIFE AND LITERATURE OF THE EARLY CHURCH 
Prof Bruce M Metzger July 18-August 5 Expansion of 
Christianity during the first five centuries, with special 
attention to the lives and writings of the chief Fathers, the 
organization and administration of the church; persecutions 
and martydom, emergence of monasticism. heretical sects, 
and apocryphal literature; Christian art; the piety of the 
common Christian Analysis of selected writings of the 
Fathers, in translation. 

Bruce M Metzger is George L Collard Professor of New 
Testamenl Language and Literature at Princeton Theological 
Seminary. He is former president of the Society of Biblical 



Studies and chairs the Revised Standard Version Bible 
Committee He is author or editor ot twenty-five books and 
hundreds of articles, including the recent Manuscripts ot trie 
Greek Bible and The Reapers' Digest Bible 

HISTORY 

S260 MINISTRY AND RELIGIOUS SPIRITUALITY Prof 
Donald K Swearer June 6-24 Focus on the interface 
between personal devotion, contemplation, spiritual 
discipline, and the life of congregational ministry In addition 
to Christian devotional classics such as Boehme's The Way 
to Christ and The Cloud ot Unknowing, works by Morton 
Kelsey, Thomas Merton, and selections from non-Christian 
religious traditions are included Lectures, discussion, and an 
experimental practicum which include various types of 
meditative and contemplative experience Consideration of 
groups that specifically promote the development of the inner 
spiritual life with active social and political concern 

Donald K Swearer is Professor of Religion at Swarthmore 
College He formerly taught at Oberlin College and University of 
Pennsylvania He currently serves on the advisory editorial 
board for Journal ot Comparative Sociology and Religion and is 
author of many books and articles, including Buddhism and 
Society in Southeast Asia 

S270 DISCIPLING FOR MISSION AND FOR CHURCH 
Prof Samuel H Moffett and Eileen F Moffett June 27-July 
15 The discipling process at home and abroad in its 
missionary context and in the context of the maturing 
Christian community Special attention to stages of 
discipleship, the communications process, the sociocultural 
context; missionary expansion and rise of the Third-World 
churches 

Samuel Hugh Moffett is Henry Winters Luce Professor of 
Ecumemcs and Mission at Princeton Theological Seminary He 
formerly served on faculty al Nanking Theological Seminary, 
Nanking. China, and at Presbyterian Theological Seminary of 
Korea in Seoul He is honorary president and former director of 
Asian Center for Theological Studies and Mission in Seoul 
Author of numerous articles and books including The Biblical 
Background ol Evangelism and Asia and Mission 

Eileen F Mollett was appointed by the lormer Board ol Foreign 
Missions ol the Presbyterian Church, U S A to Korea where she 
served lor twenty-live years She has taught at the Beirut 
College tor Women and the Presbyterian Theological Seminary 
ot Korea A graduate ol Princeton Theological Seminary and a 
lormer Director ol Christian Education, she is also the lormer 
director ol the Korea Bible Club Movement She co-authored 
Joy tor an Anxious Age with her husband, Samuel H Moffett 

S276 EXPLORATIONS IN THEOLOGY AND CULTURE Dr 
Colin B Archer. July 18-29 Examination of some of the 
implications of being faithful to Jesus of Nazareth as Lord 
and Saviour, in the contexts of Christian community and 
today's world Interconnected facets of religio-moral, psycho- 
physical, socio-economic, political and ethical realities of life 
in the 80 s, all of which constitute, in part, the fabric of the 
theo-cultural milieu 

Colin B Archer is a Melhodist minister from Nassau, Bahamas, 
a student of the dynamics of world poverty, and a specialist in 
alcoholism. His pastoral-professional work is shared equally 
between an eleven-hundred member congregation and a 
psychiatric hospital where he serves as a psychotheologian His 
published books include Poverty The Church's Abandoned 
Revolution and The Handbook on Alcoholism in the Bahamas 


S255 ECONOMICS: THEORY. REALITIES AND CHRISTIAN 
PERSPECTIVE. Dr Walter L Owensby and Prof. Donald P 
Cole August 1-5. An understanding of the present economic 
system, its underlying values, and how it functions and 
malfunctions is crucial to effective ministry in all areas of the 
church's life. Participants get a hold on basic economic 
concepts, how they work out in the real world, and the moral 
issues at stake in both economic theory and practice. 

Walter L. Owensby is Director of Inter-American Designs for 
Economic Awareness, a program of the United Presbyterian 
Church He is the former Director of Committee for Inter-cultural 
Dialogue and Action in Latin America and a former Fraternal 
Worker of the United Presbyterian Church, U S.A , in Mexico. An 
ordained minister, he has lectured at numerous universities, 
colleges, and seminaries on economics, and is author of many 
articles. 

Donald P Cole is Professor of Economics and Director of the 
Program on the European Community at Drew University. 
Previously he taught at Upsala College, Ohio State University 
and Andover-Newton Theological School. He serves as 
consultant to the Economics Curriculum Design Group ol the 
National Council of Churches and is author of many articles 

THEOLOGY AND ETHICS 

S570 THREE PROCESS THEOLOGIANS: COBB, GRIFFIN, 
AND OGDEN Prof. Daniel L Migliore. June 6-24 An 
examination of the writings of three American process 
theologians: John Cobb, David Griffin, and Schubert Ogden 
Special attention to the doctrines of God and Christ, the 
problem of evil, and the relationship between process 
theology and liberation theology 

Daniel L Migliore is Arthur M Adams Prolessor of Systematic 
Theology at Princeton Theological Seminary. An ordained 
minister of the United Presbyterian Church, he is author of many 
articles and Called to Freedom: Liberation Theology and the 
Future ol Christian Doctrine. 

S556 CHRISTOLOGY AND SPIRITUALITY. Prof Monika 
Hell wig. June 27-July 15. A reflection on contemporary 
questions in Christology both in their theoretical implications 
and in their effect on the Christian life and prayer of 
contemporary believers. A selection of contemporary 
Christologies are discussed in this context. 

Monika Hellwig is Professor of Theology at Georgetown 
University. She is Associate Editor of Journal of Ecumenical 
Studies and is a member of the U.S.C.C. National Committee on 
Social Justice and Peace. Author of numerous books, articles, 
and chapters, her latest publications are Whose Experience 
Counts in Theological Reflection? and Sign ol Reconciliation 
and Conversion 

S541 THE SYSTEMATIC THEOLOGY OF PAUL TILLICH. 
Prof Sang Lee. July 18-August 5. The structure of Tillich's 
system and the way he attempts to reinterpret the historic 
Christian faith in modern thought-forms Particular attention 
to his interpretations of the nature of God, human existence, 
faith, and symbolism. In addition to his systematic works, a 
number of his sermons are read 

Sang Lee is Assistant Professor of Theology at Princeton 
Theological Seminary He previously taught at Hope College 
and Ohio Wesleyan University, and served in several pastorates 
m Massachusetts and Illinois. He is author of many articles 
including "Called to be Pilgrims: Toward a Theology Within the 
Asian Immigrant Context." 


S520 FIVE APOLOGISTS FOR CHRISTIANITY PASCAL 
NEWMAN. KIERKEGAARD. FARRER. WEIL Prof Diogenes 
Allen August 1-5 An examination of five apologetic 
strategies in relation to the modern world Each student then 
prepares during the period of independent study either 
his/her own apology, or makes a critical examination of one 
of the five apologists 

Diogenes Allen is Stuart Professor of Philosophy al Princeton 
Theological Seminary He is author ol The Reasonableness ol 
Faith, Finding Our Father. Between Two Worlds, and. most 
recently, Traces ol God in a Frequently Hostile World 

HOMILETICS 

S816 THE PREACHER, THE FAITH, AND MODERN 
FICTION Prof Horton Davies June 6-24 The insights of 
Frederick Buechner, Flannery O'Connor, Graham Greene, 
William Golding, Alan Paton, and John Updike on homiletical 
themes such as faith and doubt, sin as rebellion, waste and 
alienation, salvation as both reconciliation and eternal life; 
and the ministry of the Church as Christ's servant in 
compassion and prophetic criticism 

Horton Davies is Putnam Professor ol the History ol Christianity 
at Princeton University He is former head of the Joint 
Department of Church History in Mansfield and Regents' Park 
Colleges, Oxford University, and author ol many works, 
including Christian Deviations. Worship and Theology in 
England, A Mirror ol the Ministry in Modern Novels, and co- 
author of Sacred Art in a Secular Century 

S825 BIBLICAL PREACHING Prof Kathleen Cannon. O P 
June 27-July 15 The nature of the biblical homily and its 
place in liturgy Consideration of exegetical, hermeneutical, 
and homiletic problems Topics treated include the authority 
of the Word of God, problems of biblical preaching, method 
and style, prophetic and pedagogic preaching with emphasis 
on practical application 

Kathleen Cannon is director and lecturer for the Inter-community 
Novitiate lor tri-state area of Ohio, Kentucky, and Indiana She 
previously was chaplain and chairwoman ol the Religious Studies 
Department at Albertus Magnus College and taught at Wesley 
Methodist Seminary She is a member ol the Dominican Sisters of 
Si Mary of the Springs in Columbus, Ohio, and is author of 
several articles, including "Enfleshmg the Word: The Case for Lay 
Preachers " 

CHRISTIAN EDUCATION 

S736 FAITH AND HUMAN DEVELOPMENT Prof James E 
Loder. Jr June 6-24 An examination of patterns in human 
development in relation to theological understandings of 
faith Psychoanalytic, structuralist, and social psychological 
approaches to development are interpreted relative to the 
transforming significance of Christian faith Research 
involves interviews, case presentations, and inter-disciplinary 
interpretation of findings for the practice of ministry 

James E Loder, Jr is Mary D Synnott Professor of the 
Philosophy of Christian Education at Princeton Theological 
Seminary He is an ordained minister in the United Presbyterian 
Church, USA and is author of Religion m the Public Schools. 
Religious Pathology and Christian Faith, and The Transforming 
Moment 

S270 DISCIPLING FOR MISSION AND FOR CHURCH Prof 
Samuel H Moffett and Eileen F Moffett June 27-July 15. 
(See History ) 


S745 CHRISTIAN MINISTRY AND THERAPEUTIC 
LEARNING Dr Timothy O. McCartney. July 18-29. 
Examination of various psycho-philosophical approaches to 
the "concept of the person." transcultural constructs and the 
many interventions used to bring persons to their "proper 
selves" (i.e self concept). The theory and method of the 
Therapeutic Learning Process, a new "holistic therapy 
modality " The classroom setting serves as a risk-free 
laboratory (or combining theory with concrete experiences 
and applying this process to Christian ministry. Cross- 
cultural aspects are practically experienced in group sessions 
with S276 


Timothy 0. McCartney is Co-director ot the Bahamas Family 
Institute and Therapeutic Learning Center The Chief Clinical 
Psychologist at Sandilands Rehabilitation Centre, he has 
formerly taught at Nova University. St John s University, and 
the 1 980 Summer School. He is president of the Bahamas 
Mental Health Association and author of Neuroses m the Sun 
and Ten, Ten, the Bible Ten. Obeah in the Bahamas 


S728 THEORY AND PRACTICE OF EFFECTIVE TEACHING 
IN THE CHURCH. Locke E. Bowman, Jr. July 18 -August 5. 
Exploration of five key elements in an approach to formal 
teaching situations among all age levels-childrem you it . 
and adults Lectures and workshop-type learning sessio 
assist the participants in identifying key curricular concepts, 
preparing goals and objectives, selecting classroom 
strategies, analyzing teacher-student 'nferact.onand^hzing 
a variety of helpful media. Participants should be able to 
share the content with lay teachers, to improve the 
effectiveness of a parish educational program. 


Locke E. Bowman, Jr., is President of the National Teacher 
Education Program, Scottsdale, Arizona. He conducts 
workshops and seminars for churches and spools across the 
country, is editor of Church Teachers magazine, and author 
Straight Talk About Teaching in Today's Church and Teac ' g 
Today; the Church's First Ministry. 



w ^ -o 



CHURCH ADMINISTRATION 

S682 EVANGELIZATION AND CHURCH GROWTH IN THE 
NORTH AMERICAN CONTEXT Prof John R Hendrick. 

June 27-July 15 Theological criteria for the purpose of 
developing and evaluating programs of evangelism are 
established and utilized Special topics include 
evangelization and the cultural captivity of the American 
congregation, evangelization and ethnic America, 
evangelization and personal readiness for faith Participants 
develop a plan to motivate and equip their congregations to 
identify, reach, and incorporate new members 
John R Hendrick is Director of Professional Developmeni and 
Professor of Mission and Evangelism at Austin Presbyterian 
Theological Seminary A former pastor, he is a member ol the 
Advisory Committee on Evangelism ol the Program Agency ol 
the United Presbyterian Church, U S A , and is author of 
Opening the Door ol Failh. in addition to several articles 

5661 LAB I— ENCOUNTERING THE INACTIVE CHURCH 
MEMBER THROUGH PERSONAL VISITATION. Dr John S 
Savage and Mrs Joyce Nelson. July 18-26 This laboratory 
experience is designed to equip lay persons and clergy to be 
effective visitors to the inactive church member for the 
purpose of hearing deep personal pain and reclaiming the 
inactive member to a more active status in the life of the 
congregation The course devotes itself to three primary 
areas of learning, knowledge, personal attitudes, and skills, 
(Costs for manuals not included with tuition.) 

5662 LAB II— DEVELOPMENT OF TRAINERS FOR LAB I ON 
VISITATION SKILLS Dr John S Savage and Mrs Joyce 
Nelson July 28-August 5 The purpose of this lab is to train 
individuals to continue the training of Lab I This lab is 
intensive and moderately difficult Extensive reading for 
academic background is required Upon completion, the 
graduate of this course is able to teach Lab I in his/her own 
church or any other learning setting (Prerequisite: Lab I, 
costs for manuals not included with tuition.) 

John S Savage is President of L E A D Consultants, an agency 
for religious leadership, education, and development, in Pitlslord. 
New York He served several pastorates in the United Methodist 
Church and has also developed a unique education program for 
the local congregation aimed at increasing attendance He 
lectures and does consulting lor many organizations across the 
country He has published many articles through LEAD 
Consultants and is also editor of Your Church School Magazine 

PASTORAL THEOLOGY 

S670 THE PASTORAL CARE OF FAMILIES Prof Herbert 
Anderson June 6-24 An examination of pastoral work with 
families using a system’s perspective Special attention to 
opportunities for the Church’s ministry at significant 
moments in the family's life cycle 

Herbert Anderson is Associate Professor of Pastoral Theology 
and Counseling at Wartburg Seminary He has served in 
pastorates in New Jersey and California, and was Chaplain at 
Overlook Hospital in Summit, New Jersey He was previously on 
faculty at Princeton Theological Seminary, and he is author of 
many articles and the soon to be published, A Theology lor 
Families and Pastoral Care 

S671 THE PASTORAL CARE OF WOMEN Prof Emma J 
Justes June 27-July 15 This course deals with the 
psychology of women, current dynamics in the relationships 



between women and men An examination of issues related 
to the pastoral care of women, especially including the 
pastoral care of women by male pastors Course is not 
intended to be exclusively for men or for women. 

Emma J. Justes is Associate Professor of Pastoral Psychology 
and Counseling at Garrett-Evangelical Theological Seminary 
Formerly the Associate Director of the Intern Program at Perkins 
School of Theology, she is an ordained minister in the American 
Baptist Churches and author of several articles, including 
Theological Reflections on the Role of Women in Church and 
Society'' and "Women in Counseling A New Kind of Modeling 

S652 COUNSELING-LEARNING, LEVEL L Dr Jennybelle 
Rardin and Dr Daniel Tranel July 18-29 Counseling as ia i 
normal process in the service of normal people. Emphasized 
throughout is the art and skill of listening and responding, 
basic to all interpersonal communication and ® f, ® c ' v ® 
learning Counseling skill and process are applied to the 
teacher student relationship Areas addressed are^def nition 
of counseling; the nature of adult learning-exploring the 
inherent blocks in the learning/growth/change process, 
age of the person, affective counseling, the prudential 
orocess-the counselor-client relationship seen as a self- 
investment process, marriage counseling, group counseling, 
the church as a teaching-learning relationship in love, and 
others Texts by Charles A Curran will be used 

S657 COUNSELING-LEARNING, LEVEL II Dr. Jennybelle 
Rardin and Dr Dame. Trane. August 1-5 Concentration on 
refining the skills of counseling and deepening one s 
awareness and knowledge of the counseling process 
Students have maximum opportunity to re,ine ^ e '' C ° 9 e n ' 
affective responses by participating as counselors in the 
learning process Further extensions of the relationship 
between disciplined understanding, human belonging i and 
IheTearning process are presented Students are pos t,»ely 
critiaued through audio and/or video tape by the staff 
(Prerequisite; Counseling-Learning. Level I or any other 
courses in the Counseling-Learning Institutes.) 

Jennybelle Rardin and Daniel Tranel serve on the staff for 
Counseling-Learning Institutes in E Dubuque Ihnois. Sh ® has 
tauqht in the Chicago Public Schools, Loyola University, and 
former Director ot Counseling-Learning Teacher Training in 
Albany New York Fr Tranel taught at St Dominic College, 
Loyola University, and Northern Nlino.s University. In 
coHaboration with Charles A Curran, they published 
Counseling -Learning A Whole-Person Model lor Education and 
Understanding An Essential Ingredient in Human Belonging 


? 




Daily Schedule* 


9:00 - 10 20 First Period 

10 20 - 11.10 Break (Chapel services on Tuesdays and 
Thursdays, 10:30 - 10 45) 

1110- 12:30 Second Period 

Afternoons and evenings on this schedule are free for 

study, recreation and special events 

5661 - morning, afternoon, and evening (final exam) 

sessions 

5662 - morning, afternoon, and two evening sessions 

S652 - morning, afternoon, and occasional evening 

sessions 

S657 - morning, afternoon, and occasional evening 
sessions 

•The June 28 - July 7 schedule will be thirty minutes earlier to 

accommodate the Institute of Theology 

Costs 

Tuition: $365.00 per course. Students 

registering for three or more courses 
pay tuition at the rate of $312.50 per 
course Persons wishing to audit 
summer courses pay the full tuition 
fee 

Registration Fee: $25.00 (non-refundable) 

Room and Board $68.75* per week Non-air- 

conditioned room, five-day board 
(Monday-Friday) Linens are not 
provided (Coin laundry on campus 
and in town.) 

$78 75*per week Air-conditioned 
room, five-day board (Monday- 
Friday) Linens are nol provided 
(Com laundry on campus and in 
town.) 

Facilities Fee: $ 1 00 per week (To be paid by all 

students not living in Seminary 

housing.) 

•Rates will be prorated for students 
enrolled in S661 or S662 


Couples can be accommodated in the dormitories with 
meals taken in the cafeteria, at double the regular board 
and room figures. 

Infirmary Privileges/Health Insurance 
Optional infirmary privileges and health ' ' n surance are 
available as a package at the rate of $48 00 for those 
students enrolling for the entire nine-week Summer 
School period Infirmary privileges only are ava liable to 
all Summer School students at the rate of $3 00 per 
week Please indicate on the registration form if you 
desire either of these options 

Princeton Theological Seminary students enrolled in the 
medical plan for the 1983 spring semester are covered 
for medical insurance through August 31. 198J 
•Rates subiect to change 


REGISTRATION 


Registration may be submitted by mail any time before 
classes begin Please use the attached registration form 

Those who wish to become candidates for degrees from 
Princeton Theological Seminary must complete 
application forms and be admitted by the Office of 
Admissions Unclassified students need not complete 
these forms Acceptance of Summer School registration 
as an unclassified student does not constitute 
acceptance in a degree program at Princeton 
Theological Seminary 

When a student's program has been approved by the 
program adviser or by the Director of the Summer 
School, a Student Information Form and a bill covering 
the charges will be sent The completed Student 
Information Form and payment in full for each session 
must be received before that particular session begins 
To be admitted to class, the registrant must present to 
the professor the class admittance/summer address 
card which is attached to the bottom of the Summer 
School bill and which will be receipted at the time of 
payment It is very important, therefore, that the bill 
accompany the payment. All payments must be made in 
U S funds. 

All registrations and payments received by the close of 
business on the Monday of the week preceding the first 
day of classes will be acknowledged by mail 
Registrations/payments received after that time will be 
processed and the bills/ receipts held in the Summer 
School Office pending the student s arrival 

Princeton Theological Seminary students and 
commuters may complete the registration process in 
person at the Summer School Office Rm 100, Tennent 
Hall, 108 Stockton Street 

If a student withdraws after classes have begun, there 
will be no refund of tuition, room and board will be 
prorated If withdrawal occurs before the beginning of 
classes, a charge of $75 will be assessed Should the 
withdrawal be occasioned by confirmed illness, further 
adiustments may be made No Summer School 
registration is finally accepted until all previous accounts 
have been settled 



•Intensive Courses 
S255, 520, 657 



Princeton Theological Seminary 

1983 SUMMER SCHOOL 
REGISTRATION FORM 

Complete Name 

Last First (NO initials) Middle 

Permanent Legal Address 


Mailing Address (it different from above) 


Telephone / > 

Area Exchange Number 

Indicate below the course(s) for which you are enrolling 



1st Session 
6/6-24 

2nd Session 
6/27 - 7/15 



S1 1 4 □ 

SI 57 □ 



S260 □ 

S270 □ 



S570 □ 

S556 □ 



S81 6 □ 

S825 □ 



S736 □ 

S682 □ 



S670 □ 

S671 □ 


3rd Session 
7/18-8/5 


Intensive Courses 
7/18-26 7/28-8/5 

SI 70 □ 

OR 

S661 □ 

S662 □ 

S541 □ 


7/18-29 

8/1 - 5 

S728 □ 


S652 □ 

S657 □ 



S745 □ 

S255 □ 



S276 □ 

S520 □ 


Check accommodations desired for the period of your study 

Q Board and room at $68 75* per week 

Room not air-conditioned, Board, Monday through Friday 
(Linens not provided ) 

EH Board and room at $7875* per week 

Room air-conditioned; Board. Monday through Friday 
(Linens not provided ) 

CD Other (please specify your needs) 

□ Commuting 

•Rates will be prorated tor students enrolled in S661 or S662 
infirmary privileges and health insurance 

I want 

infirmary privileges only 
(Please complete reverse side ) 


□ □ 





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lopics of the 


S) u- K ^ 

• r\ he IciQ'jj t c ficj 

the Town 


.Continued from Page 12 

Jv 'v <o 11*3 
TO SPEAK AT CHAPEL 
On Sunday. The Rev. 
Samuel H. Moffett, Henry 
Luce Professor of Ecumenics 
and Missions at Princeton 
Theological Seminary, will be 
the speaker this Sunday at 10 
in the chancel of Princeton 
University Chapel. His ser- 
mon topic will be “What is the 
Church For?” 

Born in Korea, the son of 
missionary parents, Dr. Mof- 
fett is an alumnus of Wheaton 
College, Princeton Seminary 
and Yale University, He 
served initially as a mis- 
sionary in China and later, 
from 1955-80, he had a 
distinguished career in Korea 
as a professor and then as 
dean of the Graduate School of 
the Presbyterian Theological 
Seminary in Seoul. 

Before returning to 
Princeton, he was director of 
the Asian Center for 
Theological Studies. He is the 
author of a number of books on 
the Christian missionary 
enterprise in the Far East and 
is widely known throughout 
the church in this country 



We’d li 
continuii 


RUNNERS. PLEDGERS 
Sought by YMCA. John 
Matune, fitness director at the 
Princeton YMCA, has decided 
to run a marathon on Satur- 
day, July 23, in order to raise 
money for the YMCA’s nearly 
depleted scholarship fund. 

According to senior 
program director Alan 
Taback, demand for 
scholarship aid, especially for 
summer camp, has been 
especially high this year. 

Mr. Matune originally 



modern 

furniture 

Visit us at 

55 State Road 
(Rte. 206) 
Princeton, N.J. 

(609) 924-9686 


Our new multi-lane dii 
Princeton Shopping Ce 

Center office offers you i 
friendly staff inside our c 
automated MAC® teller 
from your car at our new 

4 

To help celebrate the o| 
prize drawing. Each day, 
car tool kit or a highway 1 
out a contest entry form, 
necessary, but you must ] 

Beginning July 8th, drive 
Shopping Center just off 
made it for you to bank \ 
month-long drawing. 

PRINC 

Membci 

16 convenient offices in ; 
Princeton Shopping Ct 
Friday 9.00 a. 



Princeton Pntfrersttg 


(Ctjapel 



SUMMER ORDER OF SERVICE 

Sundays, June 12 — September II, 1983 at 10:00 a m. 


****** * *** 


ORGAN PRELUDE 
CALL TO WORSHIP 
HYMN 
PRAYER 

PSALTER READING 
'^GLORIA PATRI 
SCRIPTURE LESSONS 
HYMN - 
SERMON 
OFFERTORY 
DOXOLOGY 

A PRAYERS AND LORD’S PRAYER 
* HYMN U,b 
BENEDICTION 
ORGAN POSTLUDE 

********** 

The Pilgrim Hymnal will be used. 

Our offerings will be used for underprivileged children 
attending the Princeton Education Center Camp at Blairstown. 


o l 



SUMMER CHAPEL LEADERS 


June 12 

The Rev. Dr. Bruce M. Metzger 
George L. Col lard Professor of 
New Testament 

Princeton Theological Seminary 
June 19 

Dr. Doris K. Donnelly 
Associate Professor of Pastoral 
Theology 

St. John’s University 
New York, New York 

June 26 

The Rev. Dennis L. Tan- 
Director, Center City Campus 
Temple University 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 

July 3 

The Rev. Dr. Marvin A. McMickle 
St. Paul's Baptist Church 
Montclair, New Jersey 

July 10 

The Rev. Dr. Samuel H Moffett 
Henry Luce Professor of Ecumenics 
Princeton Theological Seminary 

July 17 

The Rev. Dr. Horace T. Allen, Jr. 
Boston University School of Theology 
Boston, Massachusetts 


July 24 

The Rev. David N. MacNaughton 
First United Church 
Truro, Nova Scotia 

July 31 

The Rev. David N. MacNaughton 
August 7 

The Rev. William A. Potter 
Fellow, Woodrow Wilson School 
Princeton University 

August 14 

The Rev. Dr. Charles A. Bartow 
San Francisco Theological Seminary 
San Anselmo, California 

August 21 

The Rev. Dr. Charles A. Bartow 
August 28 

The Rev. Jon M Walton 
The Presbyterian Church 
Setauket, New York 

September 4 

The Rev. Prathia H. Wynn 
Mount Sharon Baptist Church 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 


Professor Donald Macleod 
Co-ordinator of Summer Services 

Nathan A. Randall, Graduate Student 
Organist 

Mr. Robert C. Miller, Jr. 

Head Usher 


Refreshments will be served at the southeast door by the sundial after the service. Everyone is welcome 



SUMMER CHAPEL LEADERS 


June 12 

The Rev. Dr. Bruce M. Metzger 
George L. Collard Professor of 
New Testament 

Princeton Theological Seminary 
June 19 

Dr. Doris K. Donnelly 
Associate Professor of Pastoral 
Theology 

St. John’s University 
New York, New York 

June 26 

The Rev. Dennis L. Tarr 
Director, Center City Campus 
Temple University 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 

July 3 

The Rev. Dr. Marvin A. McMickle 
St. Paul’s Baptist Church 
Montclair, New Jersey 

July 10 

The Rev. Dr. Samuel H. Moffett 
Henry Luce Professor of Ecumenics 
Princeton Theological Seminary 

July 17 

The Rev. Dr. Horace T. Allen, Jr. 
Boston University School of Theology 
Boston, Massachusetts 


July 24 

The Rev David N. MacNaughton 
First United Church 
Truro, Nova Scotia 

July 31 

The Rev. David N. MacNaughton 
August 7 

The Rev. William A. Potter 
Fellow, Woodrow Wilson School 
Princeton University 

August 14 

The Rev. Dr. Charles A. Bartow 
San Francisco Theological Seminary 
San Anselmo, California 

August 21 

The Rev. Dr. Charles A. Bartow 
August 28 

The Rev. Jon M Walton 
The Presbyterian Church 
Setauket, New York 

September 4 

The Rev. Prathia H. Wynn 
Mount Sharon Baptist Church 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 


Professor Donald Macleod 
Co-ordinator of Summer Services 

Nathan A. Randall, Graduate Student 
Organist 

Mr. Robert C. Miller, Jr. 

Head Usher 




Refreshments will be served at the southeast door by the sundial after the service. Everyone is welcome 


04 ' 



Princeton Pnifrersitu 


SUMMER ORDER OF SERVICE 

Sundays, June 12 — September II. 1983 at 10:00 a m. 


ORGAN PRELUDE 
CALL TO WORSHIP 
HYMN 
PRAYER 

PSALTER READING 
GLORIA PATRI 
SCRIPTURE LESSONS 
HYMN 
SERMON 
OFFERTORY 
DOXOLOGY 

PRAYERS AND LORD'S PRAYER 
HYMN 

BENEDICTION 
ORGAN POSTLUDE 


The Pilgrim Hymnal will be used. 




Our offerings will be used for underprivileged children 
attending the Princeton Education Center Camp at Blairstown 


SUMMER CHAPEL LEADERS 


June 12 

The Rev. Dr. Bruce M. Metzger 
George L. Col lard Professor of 
New Testament 

Princeton Theological Seminary 
June 19 

Dr. Doris K. Donnelly 
Associate Professor of Pastoral 
Theology 

St John’s University 
New York, New York 

June 26 

The Rev. Dennis L. Tarr 
Director, Center City Campus 
Temple University 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 

July 3 

The Rev. Dr. Marvin A McMickle 
St. Paul’s Baptist Church 
Montclair, New Jersey 

July 10 

The Rev. Dr. Samuel H. Moffett 
Henry Luce Professor of Ecumenics 
Princeton Theological Seminary 

July 17 

The Rev. Dr. Horace T. Allen, Jr. 
Boston University School of Theology 
Boston, Massachusetts 


July 24 

The Rev David N. MacNaughton 
First United Church 
Truro. Nova Scotia 

July 31 

The Rev. David N. MacNaughton 
August 7 

The Rev. William A. Potter 
Fellow, Woodrow Wilson School 
Princeton University 

August 14 

The Rev. Dr. Charles A. Bartow 
San Francisco Theological Seminary 
San Anselmo, California 

August 21 

The Rev. Dr. Charles A. Bartow 
August 28 

The Rev. Jon M. Walton 
The Presbyterian Church 
Setauket, New York 

September 4 

The Rev. Prathia H Wynn 
Mount Sharon Baptist Church 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 


Professor Donald Macleod 
Co-ordinator of Summer Services 

Nathan A. Randall, Graduate Student 
Organist 

Mr. Robert C. Miller. Jr. 

Head Usher 




Refreshments will be served at the southeast door by the sundial after the service. Everyone is welcome 



^(J*'^ c “'^-/ '$3 <Jc4 (a, A)o 3 

Princeton Alumni Hear 
Dr. Sam Moffett in San Francisco 


Dr. Sam Moffett, now Professor of Miss- 
ion and Evangelism at Princeton Theological 
Seminary and former Presbyterian missionary 
to Korea, spoke to some 100 Princeton Alumni 
who attended a luncheon January 14, 1983 at 
Calvary Presbyterian Church, San Francisco. 

He noted the loyalty between those who 
consider Princeton as THE seminary and those 
who consider San Francisco seminary as THE 
seminary, but then went on to say, "For me, 
THE seminary is in Seoul, Korea where 1,800 
students attend the Presbyterian seminary. 

He pointed out 2,000 Korean Churches 
are in this country and 60% of the members 
were not Christians when they left Korea... 
the Korean Presbyterian Church is a mission- 
ary church where ever it goes. 


He went on to say that the United Pres- 
byterian Church in the USA make it difficult 
for Korean Presbyterians to join our church- 
es for we are too much bound by our cultural 
baggage. Our requirements for churches to 
our Presbyterys are more cultural than doc- 
trinal: we require, in effect, compulsory 
ordination of women and this is very diffi- 
cult for persons from a Korean background 
to accept. Conf usianism has left its cult- 
ural mark on these people. 


Likewise, Dr. Moffett pointed out, the 
issue of ownership of church properties, as 
understood by the United Presbyterian Church, 
is strange and difficult for these people to 
accept. Rather than accept these strange 
cultural customs, they will prefer to take 
their affiliation elsewhere. 


Dr. Moffett also said that the Korean 
Presbyterian Churches do not make church mem- 
bership easy. They are very strict in what 
they consider to be essential matters. For 
example: evangelism. "A person cannot be 


accepted as a member of the church until they 
have won at least one other person to faith 
in Christ." _ U* Ik btfc, , Lf C U * 

u, la^ »v**Ye(*»i* " 1 ' 

In his concluding remarks, Sam Moffett 
pointed out the fact that the Christian 
Church has ceased being a "white church". In 

In* y T U WaS 80% White * In 19Q 2 only 
0% of the Christian church members in the 

world are white. "We do well to consider low- 
ering the cultural barriers or we as a Presby- 
terian Church will lose out," he said. 


o>/ 



BOB and ROWENA TEBBE are serving in 
Islamabad, Pakistan... 

"Opportunities for teaching, witness 
and service continue to abound through our 
participation in the Protestant Internation- 
al Congregation of Islamabad. A number of 
the refugees from our neighboring country 
have been coming to church and have attend- 
ed our Easy English Bible class. 

"It is good to be able to report that 
Mike and Debbie Medley from our home con- 
gregation in Bloomington, Indiana have been 
accepted and commissioned by the Program 
Agency. They will be seconded to the Hyder- 
bad Diocese to work with the Stocks in a 
tribal ministry. Mike will get his PhD in 
Linguistics from Indiana University in May 
and Debbie has her M.A. in the same field." 


ANNE WHEELER is in Nairobi, Kenya.... 

"Life since my arrival mid-September 
has in many ways seemed so ordinary. It is 
almost hard to recall my excitement and an- 
ticipation at stepping into the beginnings 
of fulfillment of an eight-year old dream 
and prayer to return to East Africa. 

"While attending Language School here 
in Nairobi, I have been staying at the Menn- 
onite Guest House. Lots of mission people 
passing through from Uganda, Zambia, Tanzan- 
ia, Cameroon, Sudan as well as Kenya. 

"Three full days and two half days a 
week I spent at school reading, writing and 
speaking Kiswahili. Outside of that I have 
limited Kiswahili conversation. 

"Language School finished December 10. 

I feel I have a good start on Kiswahili and 
hope to take good opportunity to use it." 


GORDON and CAROLYN BROWN are also in 
Nairobi, Kenya... 

"Like most years there have been good 
times and not so good. I recovered from a 
long bout with brucellosis, but recently had 
a relapse from which I am recovering now. I 
have a real sense of accomplishment through 
our work with CORAT .. .Christian Organization 
Research Advisory Trust." 

CORAT AFRICA seeks to improve the man- 
agement in Churches and Christian organizat- 
ions in Africa so as to release and utilize 
their resources more effectively. 



i OU.-Y 7 TTpUs o t /)£ 

/$*3 


Organizations 


Dr. and Mrs. Samuel H. 
Moffett, formerly with the 
Presbyterian Theological 
Seminary in Seoul, Korea 
now at Princeton Theological’ 
Seminary, will speak to 
Women’s College Club 
members and guests on 
Monday at 8 at All Saints’ 
Church on Van Dyke Road 
The guest fee is 50 cents. 

He and his wife, Eileen 
Flower Moffett, taught at the 
Presbyterian Theological 
Seminary in Seoul, the largest 
Protestant theological school 
in Asia. Having served there 
as dean of the Graduate 
School, Dr. Moffett became 
associate president of the 
Seminary. 

Beginning in 1972 he also 
directed the Asian Center of 
Theological Studies and 
Missions. In September of 1981 
he joined the faculty of 
Princeton Theological 
Seminary as professor of 
ecumenics and mission. 


Dr. & Mrs. Samuel H. Moffett 


Those who are interested in 
working on aspects of non- 
violence relating to feminist 
issues are invited to the next 
meeting of the Princeton 
Fellowship of Reconciliation 
on Sunday at 8 at 132 South 
-lain Street, Pennington. 
Representatives of 
Womanspace, the Mercer 
County Shelter for Battered 
Women, will be present to talk 
about their work, emphasizing 
one aspect of how violence 
relates to womens' lives. The 
movie “Behind Closed Doors’’ 
will be shown. 

For further information call 
Eleanor Forman at 882-7098 
after 2 p.m. and on weekends. 


the National Association of r 
Accountants will meet on D^ayette College. 
Wednesday, April 20, at Good 
Time Charley's Restaurant in 
Kingston. John Baldwin 
director of the New Jersey 
Division of Taxation, will 
speak on “Current Problems 
in New Jersey's Taxes." Din- 
ner and the meeting will 
follow a social hour beginning 
at 5:30. 6 

Guests are welcome. For in- 
formation and reservations 
call A1 Manzo at 655-4120. 


T he Princeton Chapter of 


The Princeton Chapter No. 
459 of The American Associa- 
tion of Retired Persons will 

vmi Thursday at 2 at the ym- 

YWCA on Paul Robeson 
Place. 

Prof H. Maurice Carlson a 
member of the board of direc- 
tors of the Shared Housing 
Center in 
Philadelphia, will be the guest 
speaker. He will outline the 
value and practicality of 
shared housing as a way of 
meeting the current shortage 
of housing for the elderly. 
Prof. Carlson is professor 
emeritus in the mechanical 
engineering department at 


Four garden clubs, the 
Garden Club of Princeton, the 
Stony Brook Garden Club, the 
Contemporary Garden Club, 
and the Garden Club of Tren- 
ton, will co-sponsor a lecture- 
demonstration Thursday 
Apnl 28, by Christos Giftos 
flora 1 arranger at the 
Metropolitan Museum The 
demonstration will take place 
r,i P-roJ 0 Pierce Hall of 
TYimty Church, 33 Mercer 
street. 

nf 1 ^ Christos is the creator 
of the floral arrangements in 
If* main hall of the 
Metropolitan Museum as well 
as for its party settings. He i 
will speak on the history of I 
flower arranging and will I 
demonstrate his art bv I 
creating numerous fresh 
flower arrangements for his « 
audience which will be auc- 
tioned off at the end of the pro- 
gram v 

A limited number of tickets 
are available for $5 each and 
may be obtained by calling 
Mrs. James Q. Griffin at 

466-1136 after 6 p.m. 



Princeton University 
Princeton, New Jersey 
April 21, 1983 


PROSPECTS FOR DEMOCRACY IN KOREA 
by Kim Dae Jung 


Professor Falk, Ladies and Gentlemen: 

It is a distinct honor to be invited to Princeton, one of the great universities 
of the world. The influence of these halls of learning is truly felt in the 
legislatures, the laboratories, the lecture halls and the pulpits of the entire world. 

Today I am especially aware that from this university have come the missionaries 
and statesmen whose influence on twentieth century Korea has been profound. This 
includes several generations of Moffetts, including Professor Sam Moffett who has 
now returned to your^£abulty after a distinguished career in Korea. It also in- 
cludes the American president for whom this School of Public Affairs is named, 

Woodrow Wilson. 

In 1919, Woodrow Wilson's Fourteen Points of Self-Determination inspired the 
Korean people's struggle against Japanese colonialism. In 1948 another Princetonian, 
Rhee Syngman, became newly independent Korea's first president. Although both 
Wilson and Rheeultimately failed to respond adequately to the Korean people's 
aspirations, we must appreciate their efforts and the reasons for their failures 
if we are to learn for the future. 

Thus, I am particularly honored to come to this seat of so much important 
history involving my own country, to think with you about the prospects for 
democracy in Korea today. 

Since our liberation in 1945 and the founding of our Republic in 1948, we 
Korean people have made strenuous efforts to realize democracy. However, democracy 
still remains a distant goal. In its stead, we have faced a succession of dictator- 
ships which have grown more brutal with the passage of time. Not surprisingly, 
therefore, there is a widespread belief in Korea as well as in the United States 
that democracy will remain just a dream for the Korean people. Even some leading 
intellectuals seem to share this pessimism. I plan to offer a critical assessment 
of the prevailing pessimism with regard to the prospects for democracy in Korea. 

A. There are five reasons why democracy has not yet materialized in Korea . 

First, what little democracy we have known in our brief modern history was 
not primarily our own achievement. It was handed to us as the bi-product of 
American victory over Japan. Thomas Jefferson once said that the tree we call 
democracy grows on the blood of the people. In other words, democracy cannot be 
expected without the sweat and sacrifice of the people. 

Let me tell you a story about which I still do not know whether to laugh or 
cry. Before the 1980 military coup d'etat, I made a public speech at the YWCA 
in downtown Seoul. In that speech I quoted Thomas Jefferson, stressing the 
historical necessity of building a democracy by our own will and efforts. Later, 


Note: Passages enclosed by these marks, / _/ will be omitted in the 

presentation of this speech in order to allow more time for discussion. 



■' 


- 2 - 


when I was sentenced to death on the charge of sedition by a military court, 

I was accused of using Thomas Jefferson to incite a riot. If Thomas Jefferson 
had been in Korea at that time, he might have been the one to receive the death 
sentence ! 


/Although countless patriots gave their lives to attain independence from 
Japanese colonialism, our liberation, in the final analysis, was achieved apart 
from this struggle, by the U.S. victory over Japan. When compared with your 
War of Independence from the British, ours was much less clearly rooted in our 
own blood and sacrifice. 


The founding of our Republic in 1948, similarly, was the product of the 
international political situation. That is, the Cold War was mainly responsible 
for the establishment of separate political entities in south and north Korea. 

As such, the Republic of Korea was designed much more to meet the needs of external 
powers than to fulfill the dreams of the Korean people. This was the first 
obstacle to democratic development^/ 


Second, I have to point out the nation’s first president, Rhee Syngman's 
betrayal of his mission. After a long exile in the United States, Rhee returne 
home to become our first president. He carried into this role the national 
expectation that he would exclude collaborators with Japan in putting together 
the Republic's first government. This would have enabled him to establish a 
government whose authenticity as the representative of the Korean tradition coul 
not be questioned. His second mission was to pave the way for a democratic 
tradition. In both these missions, Rhee failed. 


o 


In order to keep at bay his political rivals and also to perpetuate his one- 
man rule, Rhee Syngman snubbed most of the patriots who fought against Japanese 
colonialism. In fact, he made life miserable for them or excluded them from 
government. Instead, Rhee recruited into high government pro-Japanese elements 
that should have been denied such a privilege following our liberation from Japan. 
The Rhee government, consisting mainly of pro-Japanese individulas, proved to be 
anti-democratic and insensitive to the proud tradition and will of the Korean 
people. Rhee Syngman thus set off the Republic on the wrong course. 

In addition, Rhee Syngman abused the national interests of anti-Communism 
and security in order to perpetuate his hold on power. Rhee left behind an unfor- 
tunate legacy which his successors only too willingly exploited, using anti-Com- 
munism and national security as rationale for repression and dictatorship. 

The United States played a part in all this when it recruited into its 
military administration in 1945 to 1948 pro-Japanese elements in order to stave 
off Communist agitation. In spite of such deplorable aspects, however, Rhee 
Syngman's one-man rule was only child's play comoared to subsequent dictatorships. 

Under Rhs* some democratic freedoms were allowed, such as freedom of the press 
direct election of the President, considerable autonomy of local administration; 
there was a functioning opposition, an independent legislature and the judiciary 
was respected by the people. In contrast, both Park Chung Hee and Chun Doo Whan 
have thoroughly eradicated any semblance of democratic attributes and instead 
have instituted politics based on surveillance and fear. 


Third, I must point to the loss of function of three institutions central 
to the preservation of people's rights— the news media, the judiciary and the 
legislature. The autonomy and integrity of these three agencies is essential 


for democratic development. Park Chung Hee, however, subverted these insti- 
tutions by a clever combination of carrot and stick. On the one hand, he suppressed, 
terrorized and threatened them into impotence. On the other, he seduced them 
to serve as his handmaiden. Today, it is quite common for journalists, jurists 
and legislators to dance to the tune played by those in power. Such a tendency 
is particularly prevalent among journalists, many of whom function today as the 
voice of the president, or the government, or the ruling party, or as heads of govern- 
ment-controlled media. It is sad to note that such journalists occupy positions 
at all levels of government and are even in the national assembly in the ruling 
party, misleading and deceiving the public in order to rationalize the dictatorship. 

Fourth, we must turn our attention to the anomalies of Korea's economic 
growth. Korea has run up a foreign debt of forty billion dollars, which is the 
world's fourth largest, after Brazil, Mexico and Argentina. In per capita terms 
however, Korea has a greater burden than Brazil, as our per capita debt is over 
$1,000 while Brazil's, with a larger per capita income, is only $650. Second, 
our economy is marred by a wide array of gaps — the gap between city and country- 
side, between big and small businesses, between heavy and light industry, between 
rich and poor, and between different regions. These discrepancies constitute 
one important element of instability in Korea today. 

/ From the late 1960s to the 1970s, Korea recorded a seemingly remarkable 
economic growth and joined the group of so-called Newly Industrialized Countries 
(NICs). Among East Asian countries in this category, i.e. Taiwan, Hong Konq, 
and Singapore, Korea is at the bottom of the pile in terms of the soundness of 
economic development. This is because Korea's economic growth has only accelerated 
the unequal distribution of wealth and the instability of the price structure. 

In a way, dictatorship has become inevitable for Korea, as the way to avert 

acute instability as a result of such an unsound economic developemnt. For example, 

consider that 42 percent of the nation's GNP is produced by 10 corporations. 

People in the countryside cannot even dream of sending their children to college 
because they cannot affort tuition and fees. Rural decay has also forced rural 
youths into mass exodus into the city. 

In the meantime, workers are denied the right of collective action and 
are allowed to organize only on an individual company basis. They are isolated 
from outside assistance by their national unions or by Christian organizations, 
which are prevented by law from involvement in factory union affairs. According 
to government reports submitted to the National Assembly last year, 59 percent 
of workers earn less than $120 a month, while the consumer price index is the 
seventh highest in the world. 

In contrast, financial giants continue to expand their monopolies from 
heavy chemical industry to light manufacturing, banking, real estate and commerce. 

As a result, there are today a number of conglomerates worth somewhere between 
500 million and one billion dollars. And these conglomerates, unlike those in 
the West, are for the most part privately held companies owned by one family. / 

Popular discontent is rather natural under such circumstances, to which the 
politics of terror and fear is the only response. This is the reality behind the 
"economic miracle", which has been used, along with "national security", as the 
excuse for political repression by both the Park and Chun regimes. 


Finally, the military intervention in politics has impeded democratic development 
in Korea. While the majority of Korean soldiers are devoted to national defense, a 
handful of them stationed around Seoul have been involved in politics, just as 
happened in 1961 when Park Chung Hee staged his coup. As a result, morale has 
declined and insubordination has become routine. The most dramatic instance of 
this was the December 12, 1979 intra-military coup by which General Chun Doo Whan 
and his followers seized Army headquarters and purged the Army Chief of Staff, the 
Martial Law Commander and many other military leaders. In this action, they not 
only destroyed the political neutrality of the military, they also jeopardized 
national security. 

It is important to note here that, although he had strategic control over Korean 
troops, the commanding officer of the U.S. Forces in Korea took no effective action 
to prevent or stop this series of events in which all military rules were wantonly 
violated. Nor were the guilty persons disciplined in any way. On the contrary, 
they were rewarded with national political power. 

Military rule is incompatible with the basic principles of democracy, because 
it equates power with justice, confuses pluralism with weakness, and attacks 
political rivals as enemies that must be destroyed. In such an environment where 
the military control politics, democratic institutions cannot grow or flourish. 

These five factors, then, have stymied the growth of democracy in Korea: 
independence apart from our national struggle; betrayal by our first president; 
a captive media, legislature and judiciary; economic imbalance; and a politicized 
military. 

B. There are also five reasons for hope that democracy will be achieved in Korea . 

The Korean people have shown their perseverance under extreme conditions. 

We endured the thirty-six year-long colonial rule by Japan, the division of the 
nation along the 38th parallel, the fratricidal Korean War, the autocratic rule 
of Rhee Syngman, Park Chung Hee's dictatorship, and now Chun Doo Whan's military 
rule. We have been dealt repeated setbacks. But we have never run away from the 
challenge, nor have we lost our faith in the ultimate victory of democracy. Why 
do the Korean people continue their faith and their struggle? 

First, the Korean people possess tremendous reserve strength. Since the 
beginning of our history several thousand years ago, we have been surrounded by 
China to our west, Mongolia and Manchuria to our north and Japan to our south. We 
have seldom known a moment of peace from external threats. Internally, the Korean 
people, for over two thousand years, have usually had rulers who were concerned 
only with their personal comfort and glory. Thus, the Korean people have constantly 
been exposed to external threats and internal oppression. 

Culturally speaking, Korea has been under the sphere of Confucian influence 
but proudly remains the only nation in East Asia that has successfully retained its 
own identity. Manchuria has been completely assimilated into China proper, while 
Mongolia, for the most part, has met the same fate. Korea, however, remains today 
an independent nation of 60 million people, the world's twelfth largest. Nor have 
overseas Chinese any financial supremacy in Korea as they have throughout much of 
East Asia. All in all, even if their leaders have often been subservient to 
foreign domination, the Korean people have steadfastly maintained their integrity 
and attained a high level of education and cultural sophistication. These are, 
of course, important ingredients of democracy. 


-5- 


Second, democratic ideals have been pervasive in Korean history. In the 
Dangun mythology, regarded as the beginning of Korean history some five thousand 
years ago, we can find the principle of benefitting all people. In the Korean 
versions of Confucianism, the will of the people was equated with the will of 
heaven. In the Tonghak , a secular religion which sprang up during the last years 
of the Yi Dynasty in protest against abuses in the Confucian system, man was 
considered at one with heaven and serving man was equated with serving heaven. 
Institutionally speaking, more than a millenium earlier, the Shilla and Paekje 
kingdoms had already practiced community decision-making in the sixth century. 

In recent history, during the Yi period (1392-1910) there was widely adopted 
a system of consensus building in decision-making at the village level. Clearly, 
then, democratic principles and practices have been very much a part of our 
long history. 

Third, popular struggle for democracy has been noteworthy in the last one 
hundred years. The Tonghak peasant revolution of 1894-1895 saw 200,000 peasants 
led by Chun Bongjun demand successfully the emancipation of slaves, land reform, 
the right of widows to remarry, and the purification of politics. Further they 
argued for popular participation in administration and government for the 
people. In the areas under Tonghak control, they practiced popular participation 
in cooperation with local government officials. Even though the Tonghaks were 
crushed by Japanese intervention, their revolutionary ideals represent an important 
chapter in the annals of the world peasant movement and are the 
precursors of the modern struggle in Korea for human rights and democracy. 

In addition, Suh Jae-pil, a Jeffersonian democrat who attempted in 1884 to 
stage a coup against the corrupt Yi dynasty, was banished to the United States 
until 1896 when he returned to begin a movement based on the Council for Independence, 
which he founded. Through his newspaper, Independence Daily , Suh Jae-pil 
propagated the ideals of freedom, people's rights, and independence. Even 
though he was forced again to leave the country in exile justtwo years after he 
started his democratic efforts, he made a significant contribution to the 
democratic movement. 

In 1919, nine vears after the annexation of Korea to Japan, the March First 
Independence Movement erupted, which, led by the masses, clamored for independence. 
Shortly after this, there was established in Shanghai a provisional government 
whose ideal was democratic. In 1929, the Kwangju student uprising took place, 
demanding independence from Japanese colonialism. It quickly became a nationwide 
movement . 

In 1952, there was the Political Upheaval whose principal aim was to put an 
end to the authoritarian rule of Rhee Syngman. In 1960, students overthrew 
Rhee Syngman. In 1971, in the last popular election of the president, I polled 
46 percent of the vote in spite of all sorts of irregularities. From 1973 to 
1979, there was a tenacious struggle against Park Chung Hee's Yushin dictatorship. 

In 1980, hundreds of Kwangju citizens were massacred by military coup d'etat 
troops. Undaunted by such brutality, Cholla citizens mounted a heroic struggle 
for ten days. Their sorrow, their anger, and their determination to have a 
democratic Korea will be remembered not only by the Korean people but also by 
the democratic conscience of all the people of the world. 

Fourth, the Korean people have attained a high level of educational and 
cultural sophistication. According to one national survey conducted in 1980, about 
80 percent of the Korean people expressed the desire for democracy even if it meant 


( 


- 6 - 


sacrif icing economic gains. This conclusively demonstrates the democratic 
consciousness of the Korean people. We need freedom, justice, and human 
dignity just as our American friends do. 

Finally, I have to point out the role of Christianity in our pursuit of 
democracy. Although democratic ideals were pervasive in Korean history, 
concrete, modern democratic ideas came to Korea through Christianity. When 
Catholicism arriaved in Korea two hundred years ago, it taught that all people 
are God's children. It thus disseminated the idea of equality between men 
and women and also among the people of different classes. It further preached 
the system of monogamous marriage and helped to modernize our consciousness by 
introducing western science. 

As I mentioned earlier, Suh Jae-pil was intrumental in showing the close 
relationship between modernization and Christianity. In particular, the role 
of the protestant churches deserves closer examination. Protestantism came 
to Korea exactly one hundred years ago mainly from the United States. It spread the 
idea of human rights and democracy, stressed the rights of the oppressed, taught 
that God was on the side of the oppressed and that Christ lived for the persecuted. 
The protestant churches were also engaged in evangelism and public education. 

Above all, Protestantism has helped the Korean people in their mental and 
spiritaul fortitude in opposing first Japanese colonialism and then the dictatorships 
of Park Chung Hee and Chun Doo Whan. Especially, the Protestants, with the 
cooperation of the Catholic Church, served as the center of our human rights 
and democratic movements during the Yushin period from 1972 to 1979. Before 
then, in 1969, many Christians actively participated in opposing the constitutional 
amendment allowing Park a third presidential term. In 1971, close to 10,000 
Christian youths volunteered to serve as observers to oversee the voting and 
ballot counting. During the Yushin period, through prayer meetings, the church, 
including the Catholic Church, has helped maintain the morale of those in the 
human rights and democratic movements. It provided legal counsel, aided the 
families of those in prison, and lodged protests to government against torture 
and inhuman treatment of prisoners. For their distinguished and determined 
involvement in efforts to restore human rights and social justice, more than 
100 ministers and priests have been imprisoned. 

Christian participation in the salvation of the individual and the community 
has inspired student and peasant movements throughout the nation. Because of 
these efforts, it is inconceivable to speak of the human rights movment in Korea 
without discussing the role of Christianity. Here is one instance where 
religion is not the opium of the masses. 


For these reasons, I feel certain about the prospects for democracy in 
Korea. The Korean people are like the grass. Regardless how they are trampled 
upon, they spring back upright. They remain silent when the feet of oppression 
are crushing them down, but they rise up the instant the feet are removed. 

Like the grass, they grow invisibly and grow stronger invisibly. Resilience 
and persistence are the salient characteristics of the Korean people. 

As I discussed earlier, the tenacious democratic struggle by the Korean people 
has climaxed at about ten year intervals: first in 1952 to end Rhe Syngman's 

one man rule, then the successful student revolution of April 19, 1960, then 
the near victory in the 1971 presidential election, and then in the Pusan and 
Masan mutinies leading to Park Chung Hee's assassination in 1979. 


-7- 


/ When the current military regime came to power in 1980 and unleashed unprece- 
dented repression, it appeared for a moment that the popular democratic movement had 
been choked to death. In less than a year, however, anti-government struggles began 
to erupt again. The Kwangju massacre has become the source of inspiration and renewed 
determination for the democratic movement. This movement today is stronger and more 
mature than ever before. The release of myself and my democratic compatriots testi- 
fies to the expanded democratic capacity of the Korean people. Both Rhee Syngman 
and Park Chung Hee miserably failed to suppress the democratic aspirations of the 
Korean people; how can Chun Doo Whan succeed, enjoying as he does much less prestige 
and popular support than his predecessors and facing much more difficult problems?_/ 

C. The United States and Human Rights and Democracy in Korea . 

Korean-American relations were one hundred years old last year. During this 
century, the Korean people have developed profound trust in the Americans, impressed 
by your democratic system and gratified by your liberation of Korea from Japanese 
rule and your assistance during the Korean War, and by your support for the Student 
Revolution of April, 1960. 

Since the middle 1960s, however, the United States has taken a series of 
actions that have shaken the Korean people's trust and gratitude. For example, 
in return for Park Chung Hee's agreeing to send Korean troops to Vietnam in the 
late 1960s, the United States was favorable to the 1969 constitutional amendment 
that allowed Park to run for a third term. Under the pretext of stability and 
security, the U.S. chose to look the other way when the Yushin system was introduced 
in 1972. Even though the United States did cautiously support democratic restoration 
in the period immediately following Park Chung Hee's death, its actions during the 
tortuous and bloody rise to power of Gen. Chun Doo Whan were totally inconsistent 
with its earlier encouragement of democracy. And all of this was capped by President 
Reagan's invitation to Chun Doo Whan to be one of his first state guests in 1981. 

The Korean people's disappointment and frustration have exploded in the burning 
of the American Cultural Centers in Pusan and Kwangju and of the American flag on 
at least two college campuses. Even though I can never support such destructive 
methods, I understand well the feeling which gave rise to these actions. Their 
feelings are not so much anti-American as they are critical of current U.S. support 
for the military dictatorship in Korea. 

The rationale for the U.S.' support of dictatorships is that stability is 
necessary for national security, but it is plain that security cannot be attained 
without the guarantee of human rights. I submit to you that human rights are a 
precondition for stability, which is a precondition for security. This is true for 
the United States. It is no less true for Korea. 

/Marshall Montgomery once stated that the courage of the British soldiers 
against the Germans could not be explained by their attachment to lofty abstract 
principles. Rather, they fought so bravely in order to protect certain concrete 
freedoms — freedom of choice, of residence, and of speech — freedoms which would 
have been lost if Hitler had won. Unlike the British who fought a foreign nation, 
the Korean people in both north and south confront the same blood. The south Koreans 
must have something to defend, something to secure, if they are to defend with all 
their might their country against their own brothers and sisters across the border. 

This is why we need a government which honors human rights, freedom of press and 
basic political rights; a government that seeks to settle disputes by peaceful dialogue^ 


Recently, the Chun Doo Whan regime has loudly proclaimed its desire to 
confer with the north. But it flatly refuses to deal with responsible opposition 
at home. It is an utmost irony that a dialogue with the north is being pursued 
when, wihtin the south, there is neither an internal dialogue nor any appreciable 
effort for reunification. Any proposal for south-north talks must be preceded 
by internal unification. Otherwise, such a proposal will meet humiliating 
rejection. Even if the south-north dialogue materializes, the Chun regime 
will lack the strength to make forcibly its demands on the north unless it has 
internal support. The Chun Doo Whan regime should seek to establish a dialogue 
with the democratic forces and to unify the south first before it addresses the 
issue of unification with the north. No other procedure can have any chance of 
success. 

At the same time, this is the only way to avoid a violent clash between 
the Korean people and the Chun Doo Whan regime and to resolve peacefully current 
political crises. The primary characteristic of the democratic movement since 
the rise of the Chun Doo Whan regime is its strongly critical attitude toward 
the United States. As I mentioned, I do not view this as simply anti-Americanism. 
But unless the present situation is rectified, I am concerned that Korean-American 
relations will develop into a grave crisis. It is for this reason that I call 
for a revision of U.S. Korea policy. 

What, then, is it that we Korean people want from the United States? 

We are not asking the United States to fight in our stead or directly to 
interfere with the Chun Doo Whan dictatorship. We only want the United States 
to provide us moral support as a democratic ally and to encourage the Korean 
military to devote itself to national defense rather than to political maneuvers. 
Your moral support should encourage our efforts to realize immediately our 
fundamental rights, including freedom of speech and press, the release of all 
political prisoners, removing the ban from all politicians and restoration of 
the right to organize trade unions freely. Above all, we want the United States 
to recognize that these basic human rights and the democratic politics they 
support are the essential building blocks of Korean stability and security. 

We want our American brothers and sisters in this room to remind your government 
that security without human rights was a short-lived illusion that never lasted 
in Vietnam and that will not last in Korea. This will be your contribution to 
our struggle for human rights and democracy in Korea. We can do the rest. 


Thank you. 


/A V f 3 


a 

j 


1983t5 4§j 28SI 


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PRINCETON THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY LIBRARY 
SPEER UP FRONT: RECENT ACQUISITIONS TO THE REFERENCE COLLECTION 


WORLD CHRISTIAN ENCYCLOPEDIA: A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF CHURCHES 
AND RELIGIONS IN THE MODERN WORLD, AD 1900-2000, ed. by David B. Barrett 
(Nairobi, Oxford University Press, 1982) R/A-2.3/W8935 

This is a unique and phenomenal encyclopedia. Its task is to present "a 
comprehensive survey of all branches of global Christianity." It does not duplicate the 
work of other theological dictionaries and encyclopedias, which define and survey 
doctrines, theologians, historic movements, and liturgical practices. Rather, this work 
focuses on the status of modern Christianity, in all of its forms. It is descriptive, not 
evaluative; it brings together all quantitative data concerning Christianity. The bulk 
of this work consists of a statistical and descriptive survey of the current religious 
situation in 223 countries of the world. Countries are treated in alphabetical order, 
and the surveys cover each country's secular data, religious adherents, and organized 
churches and denominations. This survey section is prefaced by several important essays 
summarizing modern religious trends, ethnological and linguistic data, and the methodology 
used by the editors. The work concludes with numerous statistical tables, bibliography, 
maps, 76 directories of religious organizations, a "Who's Who," and several indices. This 
is not another Western report on the "Third World." It is a massive effort which asked, 
and permitted, each indigenous Christian group to give an account of itself. If you 
doubt the value of "merely" another encyclopedia, we defy you to find these statistics 
without using this book. We are indebted to David Barrett, his editors, and many 
collaborators (i ncluding Princeton's own Samuel Moffett , who contributed his expertise 
on Korea). 


REFORMATION EUROPE: A GUIDE TO RESEARCH, ed. by Steven Ozment (St. 

Louis, Center for Reformation Research, 1982) Z/BW1840/.R33 

This is a welcome volume, especially in view of the 500th anniversary of Martin 
Luther's birth. It is a guide to Reformation research, providing bibliographic essays 
on several aspects of this critical movement. The essays range from Luther to witchcraft, 
and will undoubtedly provide much needed bibliographical counsel. Each essay surveys 
the state of research on a particular topic and concludes with a bibliography. Some of 
the finer bibliographies function as primers to research. Each contributor was asked 
to deal with three questions. (1) What is the present state of research in your field? 
(2) What are the key problems which scholars in this field will attempt to resolve in 
the near future? (3) Where are the essential research centers for your special field? 
In the editor's words, "Where are we; where do we seem to be going; and how do we 
get there?" The essays are naturally uneven, and not equally successful in answering 
these questions. However, the book is an important contribution, providing us with a 
current assessment of our knowledge of this critical era. Anyone with a keen interest 
in the Reformation will find help here (this includes novices, scholars who have not 
been keeping abreast of the literature, and the specialist who is too close to see the 
large picture clearly). The essays include "Religious and Ecclesiastical Life on the Eve 
of the Reformation," "Humanism and the Reformation," "Martin Luther," "Pamphlet 
Literature of the German Reformation," "The German Peasants' War," "The Anabaptists," 
"Social History," "Witchcraft, Magic, and the Occult," "The Theology of Calvin and 
Calvinism," "Pamphlet Literature of the French Reformation," "Reformation and Art," 
"The English Reformation," "Catholic Reform," "From 'Popular Religion' to Religious 
Cultures," "Society and the Sexes," and "The Confessional Age: The Late Reformation 
in Germany." 


1 


'ton 


RELIGIOUS BIBLIOGRAPHIES IN SERIAL LITERATURE: A GUIDE, comp, by 

Michael J. Walsh (London, Mansell, 1981) Z/BL48/.W22 

How does a scholar keep up with new literature in a specialized field of knowledge? 
Overwhelmed by the sheer volume of material, its frequent appearance in esoteric 
sources, and the inscrutability of most library systems, it is no wonder that many are 
resigned to an ineffective and haphazard method: namely, an inconsistent scanning of 
journals and book reviews, and reliance upon hearsay. A more fruitful approach would 
include the systematic use of serial bibliographies (specialized subject bibliographies 
which are issued periodically). For example, the biblical scholar should browse New 
Testament Abstracts three times per year. This is not as easy as it sounds, since many 
of the finest tools are "hidden" within journals. The annual gnostic bibliography is 
buried within Novum Testamentum, and the Revue des Etudes Augustiniennes similarly 
conceals the annual Tertullian and Augustine bibliographies. Walsh's indispensable work 
reveals where 178 of these important resources may be found. He describes these in 
detail, devoting about a page of comment to each tool. His critical evaluations focus 
upon their arrangement, coverage, currency, and usefulness. Since Walsh treats the 
bibliographies in alphabetical order, the subject index at the end is the place to start. 
(The index will lead you, for example, to the bibliographies which cover the papacy.) 
Walsh missed a few of the "hidden bibliographies" (such as the Tertullian and Augustine 
tools mentioned above). Inaccuracies are rare (e.g., for several years, Historical Abstracts 
has covered modern history from 1450 A.D., not 1776). The emphasis here is upon 
current serial bibliographies, which will assist scholars in "current awareness." 
Discontinued tools, helpful in retrospective research, are not covered. 


AN INDEX OF REVIEWS OF NEW TESTAMENT BOOKS BETWEEN 1900-1950, by 

Watson E. Mills (Danville, Virginia, Association of Baptist Professors of Religion, 

1977) Z/BS408/.M65 

This tool will help you locate some of the most difficult book reviews to find: 
reviews of old books. There are two reasons why these reviews are elusive: (1) periodical 
indexes in religion which include reviews have been in existence for only 30 years or 
less, and (2) the general book review indexes, such as Book Review Digest, cover very 
few theological journals. This work attempts to meet part of the need by listing reviews 
of books published in the field of New Testament studies between 1900 and 1950. To 
use it, you must know the author of the book— there is no title index to reviewed books. 
Authors are listed alphabetically; their books are arranged alphabetically under each 
name, along with the respective reviews. About 50 journals were used by the author, 
not including Theologische Literaturzeitung. Unfortunately, many reviews are missed, 
due to a flawed methodology. The omitted reviews are in the journals Mills supposedly 
scanned. His deductive approach, which obviously impressed his dissertation advisor at 
Baylor, began with a basic list of New Testament books (derived from the shelf list of 
Union Seminary, N.Y.), and then proceeded to a select list of journals. The method 
presupposes that (a) Union collected everything of importance in biblical studies and 
never lost a book (which might be true), and (b) that the bibliographic descriptions in 
Union's catalog will match those in the book review columns (definitely not true). As it 
is, the tool is useful, but it could have been a much richer source had the author simply 
studied the journals themselves, and then proceeded to library catalogs for bibliographic 
verification. 

John Dickason 
Reference Librarian 


2 


1 




R’EASTER 

NEWS OF THE SYNOD OF THE NORTHEAST 


MAY, 1983 



The Rev. Andrew M. Yoggy (Jim Bove ) 


LONG ISLAND NOMINATES 
ANDREW YOGGY FOR 
SYNOD MODERATOR 

For the second year the Presby- 
tery of Long Island has nominated 
the Rev. Andrew M. Yoggy, Pastor 
of the Community Presbyterian 
Church of Malvern, NY. Mr. Yoggy 
is the only announced candidate for 
Moderator this year. 

Raised in Wellsboro, PA, Andy 
is a graduate of the University of 
Pennsylvania and Colgate Rochester 
Divinity School. 

Asked by Nor’easter what he 
saw as the needs of the Synod of 
the Northeast in the coming year, 
he replied, “ In the Synod year 
1983/84 certainly one of the 
major problems facing our Synod 
will be discovering challenges to 
work as a Synod in the Presbyterian 
Church in. the U.S.A. The new 
Book of Order will need to be 
Continued Page 2, Column 1, top. 



SYNODICAL 


"Propelled by the Promise” will 
be the theme of the 1983 meeting 
of the Synodical of the Northeast 
to be held at Siena College, 
Loudonville (Albany) on the week- 
end of July 22 - 24. 

Symbol for the meeting is the 
"Oje de Dios" (eye of God), which 
Presbyterian women are making the 
length and breadth of the Synod. 
The best known representations of 
this symbol are from the Huichol 
Indians of northwestern Mexico. 
For the Huichols, the four points of 
this cross symbol represent the four 
original elements, earth, fire, air 
and water. 

"We begin by trying to under- 
stand the cross,” says the U.P.W. 
covenant circle manual, "Then we 
weave our own color and the colors 
of our community around the cross 
in countless different patterns.” We 
are praying," the manual continues, 
"to look at the world through the 
eyes of God, and to affirm other 
human beings." 

Friday's Synodical program will 
feature the keynote speaker, Ellie 
Gregory, Past National U. P. W. 
President. Saturday will find mem- 
bers involved with 2 of 20 work- 
shops, with Bible study of the Para- 
bles led by the Rev. J. Barrie Shep- 
Continued Page 2, Column 2, top. 



The Rev. Dr. Eugene G. Turner (Lange) 


GENE TURNER 
RECEIVES 

EDLER HAWKINS AWARD 

Among the six church leaders 
to receive the Edler Hawkins Award 
last March 22, was the Rev. Dr. 
Eugene G. Turner, Executive of the 
Synod of the Northeast. The award, 
given by Black Presbyterians United 
at their annual meeting in Cleve- 
land, OH. is named in honor of the 
first Black person to be elected 
Moderator of the United Presbyter- 
ian Church (1964). 

Three of the recipients were 
black synod executives. With Dr. 
Turner were the Rev. Casper I. 
Glenn, Synod of Alaska-Northwest, 
and the Rev. Carroll D. Jenkins, 
Synod of the Piedmont. Also re- 
ceiving the award were the Rev. 
Clarence Cave, Associate for Black 
Mission Development, the U.P. Pro- 
gram Agency; the Rev. Ferdinand 
Continued Page 2. Column 2. middle. 



LONG ISLAND NOMINATES 

ANDREW YOGGY FOR 

SYNOD MODERATOR 

Continued from Page 1, Column 1 
carefully studied to see how our mission 
as a Synod is affected and how we can 
become a more creative witness to our 
Lord. 

"The second major challenge con- 
tinues from previous years, that is, the 
challenge of congregational development 
and redevelopment. Many of our older 
congregations are facing extraordinary 
problems in terms of finances, buildings 
in need of major renovation, lay leader- 
ship in need of stimulation and growth as 
well as new sources of leadership to be 
discovered. The Synod needs to look 
carefully at how its limited financial re- 
sources and its virtually unlimited pool of 
leadership can be used to assist presbyter- 
ies facing this challenge. 

"Thirdly, we need to be significantly 
more aware of the role of education in 
our Synod from the Sunday School in 
our local churches to the challenge of 
ministry on our college and university 
campuses. The opportunities for de- 
velopment of human resources and train- 
ing leadership are unparalleled. 

"I am confident that under the guid- 
ance of the Holy Spirit and through un- 
swerving faith in Jesus Christ we can 
continue to grow in our service to our 
God and to enable our Synod to reach 
its greatest potential in the service of God 
and the world." 

Mr. Voggy has served our Synod as a 
member of the Ministries Agency and as 
a member of its executive committee and 
Chairperson of its Educational Task 
Force. 

In the Presbytery of Long Island he 
has served on the General Council, and as 
Chairperson of the Presbyterian Educat- 
ion Council which coordinates educa- 
tional activities for Long Island, New 
York City and Hudson River Presbyteries. 

Andy has served on the staff of the 
First Presbyterian Church of Rochester, 
NY, as Associate Pastor of Immanuel 
Church on Staten Island, and as Pastor 
of Westminster Presbyterian Church in 
Jersey City, NJ. Since 1965 he has been 
at Malvern. 

Long Island thinks enough of Andy 
Yoggy to nominate him twice. Last year, 
in a three way race, he was the over- 
whelming choice of the YADS (Youth 
Advisory Delegates). This year he has a 
good chance of being the overwhelming 
choice of the Synod. 


SYNODICAL 

Continued from Page 1, Column 2 

Shepherd, author of "Diary of Prayer." 
Also on Saturday, Alice Olson, of 
Trenton, NJ, will report on her partici- 
pation in the month long Peacemaking 
Seminar which started May 1, and visited 
eastern and western Europe and the 
Soviet Union. The evening program will 
include "Choreopoem.” 

The annual meeting concludes with 
Covenant circles, workshops and com- 
munion on Sunday morning. 

Registration for the three day 
event costs $75.00 (Commuters $15 plus 
meals). Registration blanks and workshop 
schedules are available from Presbyterial 
officers. 

GENE TURNER RECEIVES 
EDLER HAWKINS AWARD 

Continued from Page 1, Column 3. 

O. Pharr, Executive of the Atlantic and 
Fairfield-McClellan Presbyteries; and the 
only women to receive the award this 
year. Ruling Elder Mary Jane Patterson, 
Director of the Washington Office of the 
United Presbyterian Church. 

At the Cleveland meeting, the Moder- 
ator of the 194th General Assembly 
(1982), the Rev. Dr. James H. Costen, 
gave an address on "We've Got the 
Power." A second speaker was the Rev. 
Marsha Snulligan-Haney, a recruiter for 
the Presbyterian Church U.S. Division 
of International Mission. Both looked to 
the power Black Persons have in them- 
selves, citing the example of the Rev. Dr. 
Martin Luther King, Jr. 

A joint committee of Blacks from 
both churches, which will unite in June, 
will devise a plan for their united work 
in the new church. The Rev. Lenton 


Gunn, Jr., Pastor of the James Street 
Presbyterian Church in Manhattan, was 
elected President of Black Presbyterians 
United for 1983 - 84. 

Vic Jameson, 
■Presbyterian Office of Information 


WE’RE A SMALL CHURCH 
AND PROUD OF IT! 

That was the sentiment of the hun- 
dred or so people from small churches 
all over the Synod of the Northeast who 
gathered at Stony Point in the middle of 
March. Each Presbytery was invited to 
send a minister and two elders from two 
churches within their bounds. Some 
exciting things happened there. 

There was a lot of discussion about 
what small churches offered and needed 
to offer. We talked about the church- 
family kind of feeling that is so often 
there, the caring and loving exhibited, the 
chance to really be involved in the life of 
the church, and much more. The con- 
ference also focused on what small 
churches need to do in terms of mission, 
stewardship (some churches represented 
did not have a stewardship campaign), 
and Christian education. 

At the point of the conference where 
we were to get together in congregational 
groups, the three of us said in one voice, 
"You know, we are doing a lot of what 
other churches wish they were doing." 
In a word, we have a lot to be proud of. 
We are involved in MISSION. We are 
working at being better stewards of time, 
talents, and treasure. We do have a good 
Christian education program. We can 
celebrate what we are and what we are 
doing. 

Continued Page 7, Column 3 
+ — + — + +Z=T 


R’EASTER • 

NEWS OF THE SYNOD OF THE NORTHEAST 

. 9 The Rev. Robert E. Herst, Moderator 

+ A g The Rev. Dr. Eugene G. Turner, Synod Executive + 

Y Executive Offices 

3 3049 East Genesee Street, Syracuse, NY 13224 

Telephone (315) 446 -5990 

PUBLISHED MONTHLY ISSUE NO. 60 Published at Big Flats, NY 14814 

Photographer, Rev. Thomas Lange, 39 Washington St., Trumansburg, NY 14886 + 

The Rev. Marcy Punnett, Editor 

P.O.Box 454, Big Flats, NY 14814 Telephone (607) 562 - 8792 

— +==+=r:+ :rrr: + + + + — 



Synod-wide Staff 

by Sally Brown 

Coordinator, Services for Younger 
Adults, Elizabeth Presbytery 

On May 5 - 6, about 60 persons of 
the Synod-wide staff made their annual 
pilgrimage to the Synod-wide Staff Meet- 
ing, held this year at Drumlins, a confer- 
ence facility near Syracuse. Each of us 
brought some version of the ubiquitous 
briefcase, along with a mixed bag of ex- 
pectations. All of us came seeking re- 
newed connections with colleagues and a 
challenging experience with our speaker, 
Dr. Gayraud Wilmore, chair of the Depart- 
ment for Black Studies at Colgate - 
Rochester Divinity School. 

Participants arrived intrigued but a 
bit apprehensive about the stated theme: 
"Doing Ministry in the Midst of the New 
Theologies." If there are new theologies, 
does this imply that ours are old, worn- 
out, inadequate? Yet every staff member 
reported afterwards feeling stimulated, 
encouraged, affirmed and challenged, if 
a little puzzled as to how to proceed on 
the basis of Gay Wilmore's presentations. 

Dr. Wilmore coaxed us to new front- 
iers of ministry, offering us a review of 
the range of contemporary theological 
challenges coming to us out of the Asian, 
African and Latin American Christian ex- 
perience. Third World theologians speak 
to us not of theological thinking (an in- 
tellectual task, primarily) but of doing 
theology. This later is praxis, a 
mind/heart way of life of immersion in 
life's harsh social and political realities, in 
the name of Jesus Christ and in close, 
organic connection with others. Theology 
viewed this way - as a total way of being 
and acting in the world, socio-politically 
as well as intellectually and spiritually, 
can never plead ideological neutrality. 
Gay reminded us. For to say that I am 
neutral is only another way of saying that 
the status quo is working just fine for me, 
and I do not care to dislocate it. 

Third World theologies arise from the 
hearts and minds of the poor and disin- 
herited of the world, those for whom the 
status quo is in fact not working very 
well: the vast majority of Christians in 
Asia, Africa and Latin America, as well 
as women around the world, long-time 
second class citizens in nearly every cul- 
ture, including our own. Third World 
theologies are theologies "from below," 
the stories of the powerless - not the de- 
cision makers but the decided-upon -- as 


Encounter New Theologies in Syracuse 


they have been distilled into theological 
reflection. 

Gay summarized the Third World 
challenge to European/North American 
theologies by highlighting three themes 
that arise out of Asia, Africa and Latin 
America respectively. These are human- 
ization, contextualization, and liberation. 

Asian theologians, informed by the 
rich non-Christian religious traditions of 
the Far East, speak to us of humanization, 
which translated into depth of soul, 
wholeness of life, and resiliance in the 
face of suffering. Christianity in North 
America has sometimes fallen captive to 
consumerism, technocracy and models of 
coping perhaps more appropriate to 
General Motors than to the disciples of an 
impoverished carpenter-turned-rabbi. In 
any case, Asian Christians challenge the 
spiritual triviality and shallowness from 
which North Americans suffer, and have 
much to teach us about being persons of 
depth, allowing pain first to touch us, and 
then to purge us and ultimately to trans- 
form rather than defeat us. 



Dr. Gayraud Wilmore 


Wilmore went on to pose the South 
African challenge: to contextualize our 
theology. This means letting the stories of 
the poor and the symbols of the disinher- 
ited be the measure of our theological re- 
flection, for it is with the poor that God's 
preferential judgement lies. Such a shift 
in our perspective would help deliver us 
from the tendency to analyze, theologize, 
and strategize for the oppressed from the 
perspective of power and privilege. An 
example of the dangers of such an ap- 
proach is the distortion of Reformed 
theology which has arisen in South Africa, 


which purportedly eschews racism but 
provides a theological rationale for a 
system of racial separateness and white 
supremacy. 

From Latin America comes the 
theme of liberation. Because Dr. Wilmore 
finds liberation theology in Latin Amer- 
ica inseparable from a Marxist view of the 
class conflict, some participants felt less 
comfortable with this than with other 
Third World themes. Liberation is none- 
theless a Biblical theme, and a living 
issue in the United Presbyterian Church, 
as well. Dr. Wilmore noted that women 
and racial/ethnic minority persons have 
yet to be among our denomination's most 
sought after pastors. Nor are their votes 
the most anxiously courted in our judi- 
catories. 

Synod staff were reminded that 
women and racial/ethnic minorities are 
represented in the administrative wing of 
the church more heavily than in the 
church overall, and we need to be careful 
not to assume that a more radical equal- 
ization of power and influence has 
occurred in the church than actually 
obtains. 

The staff gathering left us with more 
questions than practical clues as to how 
to act on our insights. Perhaps this is part 
of the problem: that we are too anxious 
to begin strategizing "from the top” with- 
out listening well enough or long enough 
to the stories arising "from below." 

We had to ask ourselves hard quest- 
ions. We speak of being willing to bring 
women and racial/ethnic minorities into 
the system - given, of course, that these 
persons make themselves recognizeable 
system-persons on our terms! One exec- 
utive shared his feeling of frustration 
when meetings with an ethnic congregat- 
ion's session never seemed to gel at the 
appointed hour of 7:30 p.m., but fell 
together "as the Spirit moved" by 8:23 
or so. This is a kairos matter, not a 
chronos matter, in many subcultural con- 
texts. Are we able to bend? Further, are 
we willing to entrust decision-making to 
those who have had little experience in 
deciding their own futures, let along 
ours? How willing are we to have our 
system shaken a bit amd shaped by new 
kinds of Presbyterians? Understandably, 
we fear losing hold of patterns and ways 
of getting things accomplished in our 
Presbyterian tradition. Can we be open to 
other traditions? What is essential to our 
Continued on Page 8, Column 3. 



A PRESBYTERIAN PRE ASSEMBLY 
CONFERENCE ON MISSION 

Atlanta, Georgia— June 6-7, 1983 


Thelma C. Davidson Adair 
National President 
Church Women United. US A 

Thelma C Davidson Adair, Ed.D, Professor of Education at 
The University of the City of New York, Queens College, New 
York City, attended Barber-Scotia College, N.C She received 
her Bachelor of Arts Degree from Bennett College, Greensboro, 
N.C. and her Master of Arts and Doctor of Education Degrees 
from Teachers College of Columbia University in New York. She 
is noted for receiving the first Distinguished Alumni Award given 
by that institution. 

Dr. Adair was Moderator of the United Presbyterian 188th 
General Assembly for the 1976-1977 term and continues to 
serve on many boards and agencies of the denomination. 

Dr. Adair also serves on various committees of presbyteries, 
presbyterials, synods and synodicals. She is a ruling elder at 
Mount Morris Presbytenan Church, where her husband, the late 
Dr. A. Eugene Adair, was pastor. 

Jorge Lara-Braud 
Director 

Council on Theology and Culture 
Presbyterian Church in the U.S. 

An eminent theologian, Jorge Lara-Braud is presently respon- 
sible for coordinating the official theological studies of his 
denomination's General Assembly. He is a graduate of Austin 
College and Austin Presbyterian Theological Seminary. In 1967 
the College awarded him an honorary Doctorate of Divinity 
degree. He has also done advanced theological studies at 
Princeton Theological Seminary. 

From 1973 to 1980, Mr. Lara-Braud served as Assistant 
General Secretary of the National Council of Churches of Christ 
in the U S A., directing the Commission on Faith and Order. As 
an author and editor he has written many monographs for 
religious journals The latest, What is Liberation Theology?, was 
written for the PCUS Council on Theology and Culture in 1980. 

Mr. Lara-Braud has led ecumenical delegations to El Salva- 
dor. He was an intimate friend of the late Archbishop Oscar 
Romero of San Salvador and contributed a long introduction to 
his biography, Archbishop Romero Martyr of El Salvador, (Orbis 
Press) 1981 




Opportumtu 

PRESBYTERIAN AND ECUMENICAL CONFERENCES FOF 


JULY 1 -6 '83 



We invite you and your family to join an 
international, ecumenical community at 
Global Village ’83. Enjoy an intercultural, in- 
tergenerational experiment in education for 
mission, peace, justice, and lifestyle. 

Contact: Stony Point Center Crickettown 

Rd., Stony Point, NY 10980, or 
call (914) 786-5674/3734 


Cc 

st 


Q 

<. 

CL 



LEARNING 
TO PRAY 
FOR HEALING 

w ith 

Dr. Francis Macnutt 
and 

Judith Macnutt 

July 29 -31, 1983 

GRACE CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH UCC 


Rutland, Vermont 05701 


es for Growth 

OR LAY AND CLERGY PERSONS THIS SUMMER 


Stony Point Center 
Program For 
Continuing Education 


Theological 
Reflection for 


JULY 17-21, 1983 

Sunday Evening — Thursday iSoon 


Political DR. KOSON SRJSANG 

a Programme Unit on Justice and Service 

CtlOtl World Council of Churches 



DR. NICHOLAS WOLTERSDORFF 

Professor of Philosophy 
Calvin College, Grand Rapids, MI 
DR. ESTHER STINE 
Program Agency 
Presbyterian Church, U.S.A. 


Contact Douglas Bartlett, Stony Point Center, for more information. 

$25.00 Registration $125.00 Room and Board 

Stony Point Center • Crickettown Road • Stony Point, NY 10980 
(914) 786-5674/3734 



PRESBYTERIAN 
CONFERENCE ON 
THE HOLY SPIRIT 

Presbyterian Carrismatic 
Comm union 

2445 N.VZ. 39th Street, 
Oklahoma City , OK 73112 


Northeastern National 
Presbyterian Family 
Conference 
Messiah College 
Grantham Pennsylvania 
August 10-14. 1983 


THE ABC’S OF THE CHURCH AND ALCOHOL 

Societal attitudes will be explored through religious view- 
points at the 29th Annual Assembly (June 14-17, 1983) of the 
North Conway Institute of Boston, under the theme "The ABC's 
of the Church and Alcohol." 

The opening meeting will be held at Old South Church at 
noon on Tuesday with luncheon. The keynote speaker, Dwight B. 
Heath, Ph.D., professor of anthropology at Brown University, will 
speak on "The Addictive Society. 

Following Dr. Heath's address, the Assembly will move to 
the Adelynrood Conference Center in Byfield, MA, 35 miles 
north of Boston. 

The Institute is an ecumenical, interfaith association for 
education on alcohol and other drug related problems. For 
brochure, write; North Conway Institute, 14 Beacon Street, 
Boston, MA 02108. (617 +742 -0424) 



FOR PASTORS, CHOIR DIRECTORS, ORGANISTS, ELDERS, 
SINGERS. LITURGICAL DANCERS, WORSHIP COMMITTEES. 
HANDBELL PLAYERS, ALL WHO LEAD IN WORSHIP 
THROUGH WORD AND MUSIC. 

Seminars and workshops in theology and music 

Premiers study and use of the new Presbyterian Worshipbook 
Choirs for adults, youth, children Organ master workshop 

Schedule planned so conferees may attend seminars in either or 
both Liturgy or Music. Information from Mrs. Evelyn R. Potts, 
1737 Virginia Place, Placentia, CA 92670 



COMING ON NBC 

in association with the 
Communication Commission 

National Council of Churches BRUCE RIGDON 

McCormick Theological Seminary, Chicago 
THE CHURCH OF THE RUSSIANS 
Parti: Sunday July 17, 1 - 2 p.m. 
Part 2: Sunday July 24, 1 - 2 p.m. 

W 



Presbyterians Look to 


Concerns 



PRESBYTERIANS LOOK TO 
REUNION ASSEMBLY 
AND BEYOND 

from Vic Jameson and Rita Jensen 
Presbyterian Office of Information 

Across America, Presbyterians are 
preparing for the reunion of the Presby- 
terian Church in the United States and 
the United Presbyterian Church in the 
USA as the Presbyterian Church in the 
USA. They are working for the Reunion 
Assembly in Atlanta, Georgia, June 7 - 
15, 1983, and beyond. 

ASSEMBLY CHAIRPERSONS 

The Rev. Dr. James H. Costen, who 
as current Moderator of the United 
Presbyterian Church in the USA will 
preside until the new Moderator of the 
Presbyterian Church in the USA is 
elected, has named two persons from the 
Synod of the Northeast as Chairpersons 
of Assembly Committees. The Rev. Dr. 
Wallace M. Alston, Jr., Pastor of the 
Nassau Presbyterian Church of Princeton 
NJ, will chair the Committee on Peace- 
making and International Affairs. Elder 
Paule Alexander, of Beechhurst, NJ, will 
chair the Committee to Review the 
Minutes of Synods and the Reports of 
Voluntary Organizations. 


Assembly 

THE NEWG. A. C. 

Meanwhile the about-to-be dismissed 
General Assembly Mission Council of the 
UPCUSA has nominated 12 women and 
12 men from 16 states to the soon-to be- 
formed General Assembly Council of the 
Presbyterian Church in the USA. Of them 
several come from the Northeast. They 
are: 

The Rev. Robert M. Davidson, Pastor 
of the West Side Presbyterian Church in 
New York City and former Moderator of 
the UPCUSA. Mr. Davidson was nomin- 
ated by virtue of his office and is not in 
eluded in the 24. 

Ruling Elder Thelma Adair of New 
York City, Past Moderator of the 
UPCUSA General Assembly, member at 
large. 

Ruling Elder Jean G. Edwards, Titus- 
ville, NJ, former Moderator of the Synod 
of the Northeast, Chairperson of the 
Synod Mission Council, from the Support 
Agency. 

The Rev. Keith Shinaman, Pastor of 
the First Presbyterian Church of Marcel- 
lus, NY, who will officially represent the 
Synod of the Northeast. 

GETTING ACQUAINTED 

Meanwhile several groups of Presby- 
terians were busy getting acquainted with 
those with whom they will soon be work- 
ing in close association. The Rev. Dr. 
Eugene Turner, Executive of the Synod 


and Beyond 

of the Northeast, was a wrap-up panelist 
at a meeting of 370 persons in Louisville, 
KY, in April. The regional and national 
staff persons were addressed by Moder- 
ator John Anderson of the PCUS and 
H. Richard Siciliano, Executive of New 
Covenant Presbytery and former Assoc- 
iate Executive of the Synod of New 
York. 

"We must have mutual respect and 
open dialogue” in the reunited church, 
said Moderator Anderson; "we must be 
willing to talk, and willing to change." 

STAFF WOMEN MEET 

At the same time and place, 65 
Presbyterian staff women met and called 
on the new church "to implement the in- 
clusiveness and participation promised in 
the Plan of Reunion." 

Five specifics were set forth "with 
confidence that these concerns will be 
considered in planning for the effective 
establishment of the renewed church.” 
t Placement of racial-ethnic persons, 
especially women, in professional and vol- 
unteer decision-making positions, partic- 
ularly those involving financial matters, 
t Employment "beyond tokenism" 
with budget to make participation in the 
larger church possible, 
t Racial-ethnic ministries "as a priority 
of the church in mission, rather than 
racial - ethnic persons as objects of 
mission." 

t Establishment and maintanance of 


°T 





NEW MEMBERS OF THE SYNOD MISSION COUNCIL, elected last March, are (left) 
the Rev. Merrill Cook. Susquehanna Valley Presbytery, and, (right). Elder James 
Hargrave, Monmouth Presbytery. 



Reunion 


"supportive networks to build and sus- 
tain trust." 

t Recognition of gifts and strengths 
that racial-ethnic persons and congregat- 
ions bring to the church. 

Declaring that "racism and sexism 
can only be overcome in the new church 
if their presence and power are acknow- 
ledged and confronted, " the group 
pledged "to be on the forefront of that 
acknowledgement and confrontation in 
the new church that God is calling forth." 

DAY OF PRAYER - JUNE 1 

The National Executive Committee 
of United Presbyterian Women, the Nat- 
ional Nominating Committee of UPW and 
the Women of the Church Committee of 
the PCUS met at Stony Point on March 
15th. They issued a joint invitation to 
the entire church to join in a Day of 
Prayer and Reflection on June 1, 1983, 
"calling upon God to help us bring 
wholeness into the life of our new 
church." 

They also created a new working 
team to plan for uniting the two Presby- 
terian women's bodies. 

CHURCH AND RACE ISSUES 

In another Stony Point meeting the 
two Councils of Church and race declared 
that racial justice issues constitute "a 
priority of such value as to be measured 
in terms of a people's humanity and sur- 
vival." 


Our Synod Executive, Dr. Turner, 
and the Rev. Gayraud Wilmore, Martin 
Luther King, Jr. memorial professor of 
Black church studies at Colgate-Rochester 
Divinity School were leaders in this meet- 
ing. 

Wilmore, who presented the keynote 
address, warned that "although racial 
matters did not have a significant priority 
in our church," in earlier years, "that is 
simply no longer the case." "An unsenti- 
mental, aggressive posture on most issues 
is necessary," he said, "if we expect to re- 
tain respect and effectiveness." Someth- 
ing more than business as usual is re- 
quired to do this, he said, and expressed 
the hope "that the two COCARs will 
form a partnership with each other 
and with sisters and brothers in the Third 
World" aimed at "becoming the true 
vanguard of the most progressive ele- 
ments in this church.' 

NEW FILM AVAILABLE 

"STIRRINGS OF THE SPIRIT" is 
the title of a new film on renewal in the 
UPCUSA which will be listed in the 
1983/84 Resource Catalogue. The film is 
a report on good things happening 
in Presbyterian congregations, semin- 
aries and colleges. 

Churches in the Synod of the North- 
east may obtain the film from Church 
Films, 6 Brightside Ave., East Northport. 
NY; or from Council Film Library, 716 
James Street, Syracuse, NY 13203. 



AND PROUD OF IT! 

From Page 2, Column 3 

There are some areas we want to 
work on. We have already identified 
them. EVANGELISM (both trying to 
reactivate inactive members, and telling 
people who we are and encouraging them 
to join us), affirming the MULTI- 
CULTURAL nature of our church (we 
saw the rainbow of colors in our church 
as a real strength for us and a witness to 
what the body of Christ does look like), 
and working to develop a deeper 
SPIRITUAL SIDE of our Church. 

Evangelism, Affirming our Multi- 
cultural Nature and Deepening the Spirit- 
ual Nature of our congregation, those 
were the foci we came home with. But 
it didn't stop there. We also came up with 
some action steps to take which with the 
help of the Presbytery will work on these 
foci. 

It was an exciting and reaffirming 
time for us. We hope that the excitement 
will spread. We are a small church doing 
God's work and proud of it! 

West Side Presbyterian Church 
Englewood, New Jersey 


£ T 



CLASSIFIED 

Executive Presbyter 
Presbyter of Monmouth 
Synod of the Northeast 

Applicant needs ability in administration, 
planning, programming and church 
growth/development. Experience in 
working with diverse cultures is desired. 
The position should be considered by lay 
and clergy, men and women, as we are an 
Affirmative Action/Equal Opportunity 
Employer. 

Dossiers/resumes should be submitted to: 
The Rev. Jack Norrie, Jr., Box 3114, 
Long Branch, NJ 07740. Deadline for 
applications is July 1 , 1983. 

FULL TIME CHAPLAINCY POSITION 
Southern State Correctional Facility 
Leesburg, New Jersey 
Information and applications: Rev. 

Robert W. Henninges, Coordinator of 
Chaplaincy Services, New Jersey Depart- 
ment of Corrections, Whittlesey Road, 
P.O. Box 7387, Trenton, NJ 08628 
(609+984-0607). 

DIRECTOR OF NEWS SERVICE 
National Council of Churches 

Information: Director of News Service 
Search, National Council of Churches, 
Room 520, 475 Riverside Drive, New 
York, NY 10115. 



ANNOUNCEMENTS 

Governor Mario N. Cuomo of New 
York has announced the nomination of 
the Rev. Eugene S. Callendar of New 
York City as Director of the New York 
Office of the Aging. 

Hartford Seminary has announced 
the appointment of Michael R. Rion as 
the Seminary's new president. He suc- 
ceeds John Dillenberger who has retired. 
Mr. Rion comes to the seminary from 
the position of Corporate Responsibility 
Director of the Cummins Engine 
Company, Colombus, IN. His previous 
seminary experience was as Assistant to 
the President, Pacific School of Religion, 
Berkeley, CA. 

EVANGELISM CONSULTANT 
SERVICE 

September 9 - 13, 1983 
Warwick Conference Center 
This Major Mission Fund project is for 
presbytery evangelism committee mem- 
bers to return as volunteer consultants to 
sessions so that local churches may be 
more effective witnesses for interpreting 
faith and the mission of the church. Four 
presbyteries have already approved parti- 
icipation in the project. There is still time 
for more to participate. Consult your 
Executive Presbyter. 

Joanne Cox Smith 
Associate Executive for Church Growth 


IIOR'EASTER 

USPS 344 n 

Eleanor Moffett 
3ox 74 

Cove Neck Rd. 

Oyster Bay, N.Y. 


SYNOD STAFF ENCOUNTERS 
NEW THEOLOGIES 
IN SYRACUSE 

Continued from Page 3, Column 3 
identity as the Church of Jesus Christ? 
What in our Presbyterianism is universal, 
and what is characteristic of our mainly 
white, mostly male, intellectual, urbane 
culture? 

Those of us who love decency, order, 
punctuality, and the satisfying weight of 
a task force report in our hands might be 
a little unsettled if we were to step into 
a Latin American barrio church, a congre- 
gation on a South American river bank, 
or Christians in a New York or Hartford 
storefront church. Decision-making hap- 
pens by consensus. Worship is colorful 
and emotional. How can we experience 
identification with the poor? How can 
we be with them and be taught by them? 

These and other questions occupied 
us in small groups between Gay's provo- 
cative sessions. 

The message was clear: that we need 
to open ourselves to ''the stories of those 
not like me" (as one participant put it). 
It is precisely this that Dr. Wilmore in- 
vited us to do - to hear the theological 
story as it comes to us "from below" 
rather than through the symbols native to 
our status and culture. We need not travel 
to Kyoto or Soweto or San Salvador. 
Newark and Rochester or Roxbury will 
do nicely. There we may discover ways of 
doing (not merely thinking) theology 
which are richer in soul, if poorer in 
things; more story than theological dis- 
course; more heart than head; more earth 
and body than sky and cerebrum. We will 
discover that our middle-class, dominant- 
ly white, well-heeled and well-schooled 
piece of the theological narrative is not 
the whole of God's story after all. 


N O R ’ E A S T E R Circulation 23,250 

CHANGE OF ADDRESS: Ms. Pat Butler 
Greenow, Synod of the Northeast, 3049 
East Genesee Street, Syracuse, NY 13224 


N 


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11771 


aii 




A-4 Tacoma, Sat., Jan. 22, 1983, The News Tribune 


Religion 


Call for ‘missions urgency 

Presbyterian leader calls for a revival in evangelization 


By DICK FERGUSON 


The United Presbyterian 
Church and other mainline denom- 
inations are failing to fulfill their 
primary mission, world evangel- 
ization, says missionary states- 
man Dr. Samuel H. Moffett. 

Moffett, 66, professor of mis- 
sion and ecumenics at Princeton 
Theological Seminary, is the son 
of Samuel A. Moffett, who 
pioneered Presbyterian mission- 
ary work in Korea. 

"The mainline churches have a 
great past in missions, but pres- 
ently we are in something of a 
slump, said Moffett, who ad- 
dressed a Presbytery of Olympia 
assembly this week at South Taco- 
ma United Presbyterian Church. 

"But by the grace of God we 
will have a great future.” 

His hope for renewed missions 
zeal in the United Presbyterian 
Church is based on a "brief feeling 
of the situation" in the seminary 
and churches since he returned to 
the U.S. a year and a half ago 
from Korea, where he spent sever- 
al decades in missionary educa- 
tion work. 

“I would like to see a revival of 
the sense of mission urgencies in 
our church and in the seminary," 
said the United Presbyterian lead- 
er. 

"I feel this is the place the Lord 
wants me — I am excited about 
the way things are going.” 

Moffett, who challenged Pres- 
bytery of Olympia leaders to 
faithfulness to the "world Chris- 


tian mission," proclaiming the 
gospel of Jesus Christ, cited two 
primary reasons for the mainline 
churches' missions slump. 

• An attitude that the work has 
been completed. 

"Strong churches have been 
planted all over the world, but to- 
day we are cutting back on our 
missions as if the work were fin- 
ished. We are failing to reach the 
unreached fields. 

“There are more non-Christians 
in the world today than when my 


■ We need to get 
back to a theologi- 
cal biblical base: Je- 
sus Christ, the only 
hope of salvation y 

— Dr. Samuel H. Moffett 


father was a pioneer missionary, 
so the missions age is not over — 
far from it.” 

• A loosening of theological con- 
victions. 

“We need to get back to a theo- 
logical biblical base: Jesus Christ, 
the only hope of salvation. There 
has been a loosening of that in 
some of the larger churches (de- 
nominations).” 

Moffett was reared in Korea 
and committed his life to mission- 


ary service as a young man. But 
he went to China, rather than 
work in the shadow of his famous 
father. 

Samuel A. Moffett served in Ko- 
rea from 1890 until being forced 
out by Japanese military forces in 
1936. 

When he arrived in Korea, there 
were 100 Protestants - today 
there are an estimated 8 million, 
nearly one-quarter of the popula- 
tion. 

“The explosion started five 
years after he arrived,” said Sam- 
uel H., who said his father died in 
this country of natural causes in 
1939. 

“There are more Presbyterians 
— 4 million — in Korea than 
there are in the United States.” 

Young Moffett, who prefers 
being called “Sam," went to China 
in 1947, but his service was cut 
short by the Communist takeover. 
He was kept under house arrest 
beginning in 1948 until being con- 
victed of trumped-up embezzle- 
ment charges by a "semi peoples' 
court" and expelled in 1951. 

Although he wasn't tortured 
physically, he endured constant 
psychological pressure and was in 
poor physical condition when he 
returned to the U.S., requiring an 
extended time of rest and recov- 
ery. 

"Any Christian Chinese leader 
had much worse treatment than 
any foreign leader like me,” said 
Moffett. "We were in a different 
category, and they probably didn't 
know what the consequences 
would be.” 




Moffett said Chinese believers 
maintained a witness under the 
Communist regime in two ways, 
either through the government-ap- 
proved Three Self Movement or 
through the underground house- 
church movement. 

In a sense, both involved com- 
promise, Moffett said. The ap- 
proved church maintained a 
visible presence in the country but 
had to compromise theological 
convictions; the underground 
church maintained its Christ-cen- 
tered theology but lost opportuni- 
ty for a visible witness. 

Moffett refuses to judge either, 
saying "I can sympathize with 
both.” But he considers the house 
church movement, during which 
the church has more than doubled, 
to be a miracle. 

"China never had more than 3 
million Christians before the Com- 
munists came, 2 million Catholic 
and 1 million Protestant. It looked 
in 1948 like the church was going 
down the drain. 

"I just attribute it to the Holy HHH 
Spirit who works when, where and 
how he pleases and to the faithful- 
ness of Chinese Christians. Visible 
or invisible, they did bear their 
witness.” 

Moffett is anticipating a return 
to Korea next year when the 100th 
anniversary of Protestant mis- 
sionary activity will be celebrat- 
ed. Billy Graham, whose 1973 
Seoul Crusade is considered a 
spiritual highwater mark by Kore- 
an believers, is scheduled to par- 
ticipate at the invitation of the 
Korean churches. 














- Si 




Missions educator Dr. Samuel H. Moffett 


faPPP 

j 

Staff photo 



S C H E D U L E 


Monday, January 10 


4:30 p.m. 

Welcome and orientation 

6:00 p.m. 

Dinner 

7 : 30 p.m. 

Session I - Dr. Samuel H. Moffett 
"Changing Patterns" 

(A slide and lecture presentation) 

* * * 


Tuesday, January 11 



Breakfast on our own 

9:00 a.m. 

Bible Study - Dr. Ronald C. White, Jr 
"Patterns of Discipleship : Studies 

in the Gospel of Luke" 

(a) Luke 4:16-30 

"The Programmatic Agenda" 

10:00 a.m. 

Refreshments (rolls, juice, coffee) 

10:30 a.m. 

Session II - Dr. Moffett 

"Greater Things in the Great Century" 

(A look at 19th century missions) 

12:30 p.m. 

Lunch 

Afternoon Free 

6:00 p.m. 

Dinner 

7:30 p.m. 

Session III - Dr. Moffett 

"Has Mission Lost Its Momentum?" 

(A look at 20th century missions) 


* * * 


/<t* 3 


Wednesday , 

January 12 

Breakfast on our own 

9:00 a.m. 

Bible Study - Dr. White 

(b) Luke 10:25-37 

"Who is My Neighbor?" 

10:00 a.m. 

Refreshments (rolls, juice, coffee) 

10:30 a.m. 

Session IV - Dr. Moffett 
"A New Look at the World of Missions" 
(Based on the New World Christian 
Encyclopedia) 

Afternoon Free 
Dinner on our own 

7:30 p.m. 

Session V - Dr. Moffett 

"The Unchanging Issues in Missions" 

(A slide presentation on old religions) 

* * * 


Thursday, January 13 



Breakfast on our own 

9:00 a.m. 

Bible Study - Dr. White 

(c) Luke 15:11-32 

"The Running God" 

10:00 a.m. 

Refreshments (rolls, juice, coffee) 

10:30 a.m. 

Session VI - Dr. Moffett 
"New Issues in New Situations" 

12:30 p.m. 

Lunch 


* * * 



SAMUEL H. MOFFETT is Henry Winters Luce Professor of 
Ecumenics and Mission at Princeton Theological Seminary. 

Born in Pyengyang, Korea, Dr. Moffett was a missionary for 
two years each in Peking and Nanking. Deported from China 
in 1951, he returned to the U.S. to serve as a Visiting Lec- 
turer at Princeton Seminary and Acting Personnel Secretary 
of the Presbyterian Board of Foreign Missions. In 1955, he 
went back to Korea as a missionary, and with his wife Eileen 
taught at the Presbyterian Theological Seminary in Seoul. 

He served there as Dean of the Graduate School and Associate 
President before assuming his position at Princeton Seminary 
in September 1981. He has also directed the Asian Center 
for Theological Studies and Mission since 1972. One of his 
two published books. Where'er the Sun , is a best-selling 
survey of missionary work around the world. Dr. Moffett 
was educated at Wheaton College, Princeton Seminary and 
Yale University. 


RONALD C. WHITE, JR., is Associate Director of Continu- 
ing Education and Visiting Lecturer in Church History at 
Princeton Theological Seminary. He was recently appointed 
Editor of the Princeton Seminary Bulletin . Before coming 
to Princeton, Dr. White was Associate Professor and Chair- 
person of the Department of Religion and Philosophy at 
Whitworth College. He is the co-author of The Social Gospel, 
Religion and Reform in Changing America and has written a 
manuscript presently being reviewed for publication en- 
titled: The Social Gospel and Racial Reform. Dr. White 

was educated at Northwestern University, U.C.L.A. , Princeton 
Seminary, Lincoln Theological College (England), and Prince- 
ton University. 

* * * 

A hearty thank-you to the Reverend Arthur F. Sueltz 
and the congregation of the Point Loma Community Presby- 
terian Church for their help and gracious hospitality. 

* * * 


Princeton Theological Seminary 
Continuing Education Seminar 


"THE CHANGING FACE OF MISSIONS" 
Dr. Samuel H. Moffett 
January 10 - 13, 1983 

Bible Study - Patterns of Discipleship: 
Studies in the Gospel of Luke 

Dr. Ronald C. White, Jr. 



Point Loma Community Presbyterian Church 
2128 Chatsworth Boulevard 
San Diego, California 92107 
(714) 223-1633 





f 




arcadia 



MISSION CONFERENCE MARCH 19 - 21 0 fa*) 



Dr. Samuel H. Moffett is one of the church's 
greatest missionary statesmen, and Arcadia Pres- 
byterian is fortunate to have secured him as the 
keynote speaker for our three-day 1982 Mission 
Conference, March 19 - 21. Dr. Moffett, current- 
ly professor of ecumenics and mission at Prince- 
ton Theological Seminary, will speak both Satur- 
day night and at the Sunday morning worship 
services. The theme of the event, planned by the 
Missions Committee, is 'To Show We Care." 

The Moffett name is virtually synonymous 
with "mission" in the United Presbyterian 
Church. For many years, Dr. Moffett served as 
dean of the Graduate School at the Presbyterian 
Theological Seminary in Seoul, Korea - a semi- 
nary that started in the home of his father 80 
years ago in Pyengyang. Before going to Korea, 
Sam and his wife, Eileen, were missionaries to 

Dr. Samuel H. Moffett China - where Sam first went 34 V ears a 9°- The 

Moffetts studied and taught in China until they 
were arrested and expelled from Communist China in 1951. 

Dr. Moffett believes that though the role of the missionary is always changing, it is always needed. 
"It calls for a lower profile," he said upon the announcement of his return to "home base" in Prince- 
ton last fall, "but just as deep an influence - innovative, creative, cooperative, international and 
intercultural. It calls for pioneering and it calls for partnership." 

Dr. Moffett holds degrees from Wheaton College, Moody Bible Institute, Princeton Seminary and 
Vale University. We welcome this man of godly stature and courage to Arcadia Presbyterian Church. 

Inside this special Mission Conference newsletter you will find a complete schedule of the excit- 
ing activites planned from Friday evening through Sunday evening. Also included is information about 
the participants and brief background on the mission personnel and projects that this church - through 
you - support. You won't want to miss any of this outstanding conference ! 


Mission Weekend In Brief 


Friday, March 19 

6:30 p.m. - 9 p.m.: Simple basic meal; Multi-media Presentations 
Saturday, March 20 

9 a.m. - 1 p.m.: Mission Fair and Seminars 

6:30 p.m. - 9 p.m.: Celebration Banquet, Dr. Samuel Moffett speaking 
Sunday, March 21 

8:45 a.m. and 10-30 a.m. Worship Services 
Dr. Samuel Moffett preaching 

7 p.m. - 9 p.m.: Conference Wrap-up - "Looking Ahead in Mission" 
Pastor James W. Hagelganz preaching 


~V>)) I 



ARCADIA PRESBYTERIAN MISSION CONFERENCE 


Theme: “To Show We Care” 


FRIDAY EVENING, March 19, 6:30 p.m. - FELLOWSHIP HALL 
"CATCH THE VISION OF APC MISSION" 


Nutritious Mission Meal — Special Music and Singing 
Multimedia Presentations: 


"Mission to Japan" - Language Institute for Evangelism (LIFE) 

' Maasai Action for Self-Improvement" — Denny and Jeanne Grindall 



Mike Phillips 


The first multi-media show, presented by Mike 
Phillips, is LIFE'S fifteenth anniversary coverage 
of their mission in Japan - one-on-one teaching 
of English to students and young business people 
through the Christian churches there. The second 
presentation, led by Denny and Jeanne Grindall 
of University Presbyterian Church, Seattle, tells 
how they were challenged to teach the nomadic 
Maasai tribe in East Africa to settle down in one 
place. The Grindalls worked closely with Lowrie 
and Margaret Anderson, a missionary couple who 
later retired and were APC members until both 
died last year. The Grindalls have returned regu- 
larly to Olosho-Oibor for the past 12 years, and 
now our missionaries Tim and Sue Anne Fairman 
work there. 



OUR MISSION DOLLARS 

Arcadia Presbyterian Church's mission policy 
says: "Mission is the endeavor to reach out from 
the local congregation to fulfill the Great Com- 
mission of Christ by proclaiming the Gospel . . . 
by making disciples of all peoples, and by minis- 
tering to the physical and spiritual needs of men, 
women and children in every part of the world." 
Our church does this in many ways. 

During 1981, regular monthly payments of $72 - 
$500 (41% of APC's Mission budget) were made 
to the United Presbyterian Church for mission pro- 
grams of the General Assembly, Synod of South- 


ern California and San Gabriel Valley Presbytery. 
Seven missionaries have been added to APC's per- 
sonalized support program, making a total of 28 
persons in full-time mission work receiving specif- 
ic continuing support ($77,500 during 1981). 
One of these individuals (Bob Johnson) is on the 
APC staff; seven oth Brs nre in Southern California; 
seven are in Africa; six in China, Japan and the 
Philippines; four in Central Asia; two in Europe, 
and one in Guatemala. In additon, APC made 18 
one-time 1981 gifts totaling $20,000 to worthy 
mission projects around the world - many in- 
volving young people and education. 



Ernest and Renee' Johnson 
- Speaking Sunday Morning 



c JANUARY 1983 

‘ OFF CAMPUS THE WHOLE 
SEMINARS GOSPEL 
FOR SEMINARY FOR THE 
STUDENTS WHOLE WORLD 


January 3-7 

Crucial Dimensions in Mission 

Contemporary perspectives, history’s 
lessons, priorities for the 1980s, 
creative interfaith relationships, Asian 
theological ferment, Roman Catholic 
perceptions, Christ’s lordship and 
religious pluralism. 

Faculty 

Tracey Jones, Jr. (Drew) 

Samuel Moffett (Princeton) 

Orlando Costas (Eastern Baptist) 
George Braswell (Southeastern 
Baptist) 

Younghak Hyun (Union,, N.Y.) 

Melinda Roper (Maryknoll) 

Gerald Anderson (OMSC) 

January 10-14 

Points of Tension in Mission 

Signs of danger and hope, African 
nationalism, today’s mission in Asia, 
the Black experience. South African 
update, Christian-Marxist encounter, 
challenge of modern China. 

Faculty 

David Stowe (UCBWM) 

Norman Thomas (Boston University) 
James Phillips (OMSC) 

Gayraud Wilmore (Colgate-Rochester) 
Motlalepula Chabaku (South Africa) 
Charles West (Princeton) 

Franklin Woo (NCC/DOM) 


January 17-21 

The Universal Scope and Scandal 
of the Gospel: Tribal Gods and 
the Triune God 

A theological examination of the 
idolatry that characterizes economic, 
racial, and military commitments of 
contemporary society. 

Faculty 

Kosuke Koyama, Professor of World 
Christianity, Union Theological 
Seminary, New York 


Registration: $25 each week for 
students from co-sponsor seminaries 
(others pay $40 per week). Credit 
may be arranged for each seminar. 


Comments from Participants 
in January 1982 

“This kind of learning experience can hardly 
be duplicated anywhere else in this 
country." — Dr. Pearl L. McNeil, Virginia 
Union University, School of Theology 


January 24-28 

Evangelism and Liberation in 
Mission: The Latin American 
Experience 

Lessons from today’s Latin American 
experience for evangelization and 
social justice in both continents. 

Faculty 

Jose Miguez-Bonino, a President of 
the World Council of Churches, and 
Professor at ISEDET, Buenos Aires, 
Argentina 


Participants will stay nearby the 
OMSC at the Sisters of Charity and 
Franciscan Residences: $17 per day 
special rate for room and meals. 


“This course has been one of the most 
stimulating, exciting, and renewing 
experiences of my life." — Ian J. Scott, 
Eastern Baptist Theological Seminary 

“I find myself inspired toward the gospel 
witness by this week, and I'll treasure this 
event for years to come." — Jeffrey 
Hancock, Trinity Lutheran Seminary 


For application and further 
information, write: 

Gerald H. Anderson, Director or 


Norman A. Horner, Associate Director 


OVERSEAS MINISTRIES 
STUDY CENTER 



SB 1 


6315 Ocean Avenue 

P.O. Box 2057 

Ventnor, New Jersey 08406 




9 




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PRINCETON THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY 
CN821 

PRINCETON. NEW JERSEY 08540 


SAMUEL H. MOFFETT 
Henry Wlntor» Luce 
Professor of Ecumenic* end Mission 


31 Alexander Street 
Princeton, N J. 08540 
Tel (609) 683-1268 


Jan 4, 1983 


Dr. Johannes R. Krahmer 
1105 N. Market St. 

Box 1347 

Wilmington, Delaware 19899 
Dear Dr. Krahmer: 


I am enclosing a copy of the letter of recommendation 


I wrote months ago suggesting the name of Dr. Thomas Gillespie 
for consideration b y the search committee. I have belatedly 
discovered I failed to send you a copy as chairman of the 
Search Committee. 


So this represents no new recommendation but is 


simply trying to put the communication through proper 
channels. Mrs. Moffett and I still feel that Dr. Gillespie 
would make an excellent president, acceptable to all sections 
of our somewhat polarized denomination. At the same time 
we realize that the committee has before it the names of other 
equally qualified candidates whom we would undoubtedly also 
approve and welcome warmly to this position of great 
responsibi 1 i ty . 

Your committee will be much in our prayers in 
its critical and difficult task.